Cochrane Reviews and Protocols related to Complementary Medicine

Here is a list, in alphabetical order, of the reviews and protocols that we have assessed as related to complementary medicine, which are currently available in the Cochrane Library.

Complementary medicine-related reviews published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 12 2018)

1. Acanthopanax for acute ischaemic stroke
2. Acetyl-l-carnitine for dementia
3. Active mind‐body movement therapies as an adjunct to or in comparison with pulmonary rehabilitation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
4. Acupuncture and acupressure for premenstrual syndrome
5. Acupuncture and assisted reproductive technology
6. Acupuncture and dry-needling for low back pain
7. Acupuncture and electroacupuncture for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
8. Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation
9. Acupuncture and related interventions for symptoms of chronic kidney disease
10. Acupuncture and related interventions for the treatment of symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome
11. Acupuncture for acute hordeolum
12. Acupuncture for acute management and rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury
13. Acupuncture for acute stroke
14. Acupuncture for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents
15. Acupuncture for autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
16. Acupuncture for Bell's palsy
17. Acupuncture for cancer pain in adults
18. Acupuncture for chronic asthma
19. Acupuncture for depression
20. Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea
21. Acupuncture for dysphagia in acute stroke
22. Acupuncture for epilepsy
23. Acupuncture for functional dyspepsia
24. Acupuncture for glaucoma
25. Acupuncture for hip osteoarthritis
26. Acupuncture for hypertension
27. Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonates
28. Acupuncture for insomnia
29. Acupuncture for lateral elbow pain
30. Acupuncture for menopausal hot flushes
31. Acupuncture for mumps in children
32. Acupuncture for neuropathic pain in adults
33. Acupuncture for pain in endometriosis
34. Acupuncture for polycystic ovarian syndrome
35. Acupuncture for renal colic
36. Acupuncture for restless legs syndrome
37. Acupuncture for schizophrenia
38. Acupuncture for shoulder pain
39. Acupuncture for slowing the progression of myopia in children and adolescents
40. Acupuncture for stress urinary incontinence in adults
41. Acupuncture for stroke rehabilitation
42. Acupuncture for symptomatic gastroparesis
43. Acupuncture for symptomatic gastroparesis
44. Acupuncture for the prevention of episodic migraine
45. Acupuncture for treating acute ankle sprains in adults
46. Acupuncture for treating fibromyalgia
47. Acupuncture for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
48. Acupuncture for uterine fibroids
49. Acupuncture for vascular dementia
50. Acupuncture or acupressure for induction of labour
51. Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labour
52. Alexander technique for chronic asthma
53. Aloe vera for prevention and treatment of infusion phlebitis
54. Aloe vera for treating acute and chronic wounds
55. Alpha lipoic acid for dementia
56. Altered dietary salt for preventing pre-eclampsia, and its complications
57. Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease
58. Altered dietary salt intake for preventing and treating diabetic kidney disease
59. Alternating current cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) for depression
60. Antenatal and intrapartum interventions for preventing cerebral palsy: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
61. Antenatal breast milk expression by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomes
62. Anti-spasticity agents for multiple sclerosis
63. Antiemetic medication for prevention and treatment of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting in childhood
64. Antioxidant supplementation for lung disease in cystic fibrosis
65. Antioxidant supplements for liver diseases
66. Antioxidant supplements for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and/or steatohepatitis
67. Antioxidant supplements for preventing gastrointestinal cancers
68. Antioxidant supplements for prevention of mortality in healthy participants and patients with various diseases
69. Antioxidant treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or motor neuron disease
70. Antioxidant treatments for schizophrenia
71. Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for preventing age-related macular degeneration
72. Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration
73. Antioxidant vitamin supplementation for preventing and slowing the progression of age-related cataract
74. Antioxidants for chronic kidney disease
75. Antioxidants for female subfertility
76. Antioxidants for male subfertility
77. Antioxidants for pain in chronic pancreatitis
78. Antioxidants for preventing and reducing muscle soreness after exercise
79. Antioxidants for preventing pre-eclampsia
80. Arginine supplementation for prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants
81. Aromatherapy for dementia
82. Aromatherapy for pain management in labour
83. Aromatherapy for treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting
84. Art therapy for people with dementia
85. Art therapy for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses
86. Assessment and support during early labour for improving birth outcomes
87. Assisted reproductive technology: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
88. Astragalus (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease
89. Auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence
90. Ayurvedic medicine for schizophrenia
91. Ayurvedic treatments for diabetes mellitus
92. Balneotherapy for osteoarthritis
93. Balneotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis
94. Behavioural interventions for dysmenorrhoea
95. Behavioural therapies versus other psychological therapies for depression
96. Behavioural treatment for chronic low-back pain
97. Beta-sitosterols for benign prostatic hyperplasia
98. Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults
99. Biofeedback for pain management during labour
100. Biofeedback for treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation in adults
101. Black cohosh (Cimicifuga spp.) for menopausal symptoms
102. Blood pressure lowering efficacy of coenzyme Q10 for primary hypertension
103. Branched-chain amino acids for people with hepatic encephalopathy
104. Breastfeeding or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labour
105. Bulking agents, antispasmodics and antidepressants for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
106. Caffeine as an analgesic adjuvant for acute pain in adults
107. Caffeine for asthma
108. Caffeine versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infants
109. Calcium and phosphorus supplementation of human milk for preterm infants
110. Calcium and vitamin D for corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis
111. Calcium supplementation (other than for preventing or treating hypertension) for improving pregnancy and infant outcomes
112. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems
113. Calcium supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children
114. Calcium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
115. Calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women
116. Calorie controlled diet for chronic asthma
117. Cannabinoids for epilepsy
118. Cannabinoids for fibromyalgia
119. Cannabinoids for nausea and vomiting in adults with cancer receiving chemotherapy
120. Cannabinoids for the treatment of dementia
121. Cannabinoids for Tourette's Syndrome
122. Cannabis and schizophrenia
123. Cannabis for the treatment of Crohn's disease
124. Cannabis for the treatment of ulcerative colitis
125. Cannabis‐based medicines for chronic neuropathic pain in adults
126. Cardioprotective interventions for cancer patients receiving anthracyclines
127. Carnitine for fatigue in multiple sclerosis
128. Carnitine supplementation for inborn errors of metabolism
129. Carnitine supplementation for preterm infants with recurrent apnoea
130. Carnitine supplementation of parenterally fed neonates
131. Castor oil, bath and/or enema for cervical priming and induction of labour
132. Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation
133. Chelation therapy for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
134. Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema
135. Chinese herbal medicine for chronic neck pain due to cervical degenerative disc disease
136. Chinese herbal medicine for diabetic peripheral neuropathy
137. Chinese herbal medicine for endometriosis
138. Chinese herbal medicine for menopausal symptoms
139. Chinese herbal medicine for oesophageal cancer
140. Chinese herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome
141. Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea
142. Chinese herbal medicine for schizophrenia
143. Chinese herbal medicine for subfertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome
144. Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulations for nephrotic syndrome
145. Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy
146. Chinese herbal medicine suxiao jiuxin wan for angina pectoris
147. Chinese herbal medicines for acute pancreatitis
148. Chinese herbal medicines for benign thyroid nodules in adults
149. Chinese herbal medicines for esophageal cancer
150. Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia
151. Chinese herbal medicines for hyperthyroidism
152. Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia
153. Chinese herbal medicines for hypothyroidism
154. Chinese herbal medicines for induction of remission in advanced or late gastric cancer
155. Chinese herbal medicines for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose
156. Chinese herbal medicines for threatened miscarriage
157. Chinese herbal medicines for treating osteoporosis
158. Chinese herbal medicines for treating pre-eclampsia
159. Chinese herbal medicines for treating skin and soft-tissue infections
160. Chinese herbal medicines for type 2 diabetes mellitus
161. Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriage
162. Chinese herbs combined with Western medicine for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
163. Chinese medical herbs for chemotherapy side effects in colorectal cancer patients
164. Chinese medicinal herbs for acute bronchitis
165. Chinese medicinal herbs for asymptomatic carriers of hepatitis B virus infection
166. Chinese medicinal herbs for cholelithiasis
167. Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic hepatitis B
168. Chinese medicinal herbs for influenza
169. Chinese medicinal herbs for measles
170. Chinese medicinal herbs for mumps
171. Chinese medicinal herbs for sore throat
172. Chinese medicinal herbs for the common cold
173. Chinese medicinal herbs to treat the side-effects of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients
174. Chitosan for overweight or obesity
175. Chondroitin for osteoarthritis
176. Chromium picolinate supplementation for overweight or obese adults
177. Chuanxiong-type preparations for acute ischemic stroke
178. Cinnamon for diabetes mellitus
179. Co-enzyme Q10 supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
180. Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure
181. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), third-wave CBT and interpersonal therapy (IPT) based interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescents
182. Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus
183. Cold-water immersion (cryotherapy) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise
184. Combined calcium, magnesium and potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
185. Combined chiropractic interventions for low-back pain
186. Combined diet and exercise interventions for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus
187. Combined vitamin B6-magnesium treatment in autism spectrum disorder
188. Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour
189. Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children
190. Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris
191. Conservative interventions for treating exercise-related musculotendinous, ligamentous and osseous groin pain
192. Conservative management for postprostatectomy urinary incontinence
193. Continuous support for women during childbirth
194. Cordyceps sinensis (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease
195. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections
196. Cranberries for treating urinary tract infections
197. Creatine for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease
198. Creatine for Parkinson's disease
199. Creatine for treating muscle disorders
200. Creatine for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetus
201. Curcumin for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis
202. Cyclamen europaeum extract for acute sinusitis
203. Cysteine, cystine or N-acetylcysteine supplementation in parenterally fed neonates
204. Daikenchuto for reducing postoperative ileus in patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery
205. Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy
206. Dan Shen agents for acute ischaemic stroke
207. Dance movement therapy for dementia
208. Dance movement therapy for depression
209. Dance therapy for schizophrenia
210. Dance/movement therapy for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients
211. Danshen (Chinese medicinal herb) preparations for acute myocardial infarction
212. Deep brain and cortical stimulation for epilepsy
213. Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis
214. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation for cognitive function in healthy elderly people
215. Dehydroepiandrosterone for systemic lupus erythematosus
216. Dehydroepiandrosterone for women in the peri- or postmenopausal phase
217. Dengzhanhua preparations for acute cerebral infarction
218. Diaries for recovery from critical illness
219. Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk
220. Dietary advice interventions in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus
221. Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps
222. Dietary fibre for the prevention of recurrent colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
223. Dietary fibre for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
224. Dietary flavonoid for preventing colorectal neoplasms
225. Dietary interventions (plant sterols, stanols, omega-3 fatty acids, soy protein and dietary fibers) for familial hypercholesterolaemia
226. Dietary interventions for adults with chronic kidney disease
227. Dietary interventions for multiple sclerosis
228. Dietary interventions for preventing complications in idiopathic hypercalciuria
229. Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood
230. Dietary interventions for rheumatoid arthritis
231. Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children
232. Dietary sodium manipulation and asthma
233. Dietary supplementation with myo-inositol in women during pregnancy for treating gestational diabetes
234. Dietary supplements for chronic gout
235. Dietary supplements for dysmenorrhoea
236. Dietary supplements for established atopic eczema
237. Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression
238. Different methods for the induction of labour in outpatient settings
239. Different types of dietary advice for women with gestational diabetes mellitus
240. Drama therapy for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses
241. Drugs for preventing lung cancer in healthy people
242. Early intervention for psychosis
243. Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
244. Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold
245. Effect of cocoa on blood pressure
246. Effects and safety of periconceptional folate supplementation for preventing birth defects
247. Effects of low sodium diet versus high sodium diet on blood pressure, renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, cholesterol, and triglyceride
248. Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on fetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcome
249. Effects of total fat intake on bodyweight in children
250. Effects of total fat intake on bodyweight in children
251. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, an omega-3 fatty acid from fish oils) for the treatment of cancer cachexia
252. Electrical stimulation for faecal incontinence in adults
253. Electrical stimulation for preventing and treating post-stroke shoulder pain
254. Electrical stimulation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
255. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes for overactive bladder in adults
256. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes for urinary incontinence in men
257. Electromagnetic fields for treating osteoarthritis
258. Electromagnetic therapy for treating pressure ulcers
259. Electromagnetic therapy for treating venous leg ulcers
260. Electrotherapy modalities for adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)
261. Endometriosis: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
262. Enteral iron supplementation in preterm and low birth weight infants
263. Enteral lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants
264. Enteral nutrition for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
265. Ephedrine for myasthenia gravis, neonatal myasthenia and the congenital myasthenic syndromes
266. Exercise for rheumatoid arthritis of the hand
267. Exercise programs for people with dementia
268. Exercises for mechanical neck disorders
269. Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants
270. Fermented milk for hypertension
271. Feverfew for preventing migraine
272. Fish oil for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis
273. Fish oil for kidney transplant recipients
274. Flavonoids for treating venous leg ulcers
275. Folate for depressive disorders
276. Folic acid and folinic acid for reducing side effects in patients receiving methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis
277. Folic acid for fragile X syndrome
278. Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomes
279. Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people
280. Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi mushroom) for cancer treatment
281. Ganoderma lucidum mushroom for the treatment of cardiovascular risk factors
282. Garlic for peripheral arterial occlusive disease
283. Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications
284. Garlic for the common cold
285. Garlic for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients
286. Ginkgo biloba extract for age-related macular degeneration
287. Ginkgo biloba for acute ischaemic stroke
288. Ginkgo biloba for cognitive impairment and dementia
289. Ginkgo biloba for intermittent claudication
290. Ginkgo biloba for tinnitus
291. Ginseng for cognition
292. Glucosamine therapy for treating osteoarthritis
293. Glutamine supplementation for critically ill adults
294. Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease
295. Glutamine supplementation to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
296. Gluten- and casein-free diets for autistic spectrum disorder
297. Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
298. Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer
299. Green tea for weight loss and weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults
300. Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure
301. Helminth therapy (worms) for allergic rhinitis
302. Helminth therapy (worms) for induction of remission in inflammatory bowel disease
303. Herbal interventions for chronic asthma in adults and children
304. Herbal medicine for low-back pain
305. Herbal medicines for fatty liver diseases
306. Herbal medicines for treating HIV infection and AIDS
307. Herbal medicines for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
308. Herbal preparations for uterine fibroids
309. Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis
310. Homeopathic medicinal products for preventing and treating acute respiratory tract infections in children
311. Homeopathic medicines for adverse effects of cancer treatments
312. Homeopathic Oscillococcinum® for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like illness
313. Homeopathy for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or hyperkinetic disorder
314. Homeopathy for chronic asthma
315. Homeopathy for dementia
316. Homeopathy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
317. Homocysteine lowering interventions for peripheral arterial disease and bypass grafts
318. Homocysteine-lowering interventions for preventing cardiovascular events
319. Homoeopathy for induction of labour
320. Honey and lozenges for children with non-specific cough
321. Honey as a topical treatment for wounds
322. Honey for acute cough in children
323. Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency
324. Horticultural therapy for schizophrenia
325. Huperzine A for Alzheimer's disease
326. Huperzine A for mild cognitive impairment
327. Huperzine A for vascular dementia
328. Hyperbaric oxygen for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus
329. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute coronary syndrome
330. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute ischaemic stroke
331. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for Bell's palsy
332. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for delayed onset muscle soreness and closed soft tissue injury
333. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for multiple sclerosis
334. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
335. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the adjunctive treatment of traumatic brain injury
336. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for vascular dementia
337. Hyperbaric oxygenation for tumour sensitisation to radiotherapy
338. Hypnosis during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period for preventing postnatal depression
339. Hypnosis for induction of labour
340. Hypnosis for schizophrenia
341. Hypnotherapy for smoking cessation
342. Hypnotherapy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
343. Immersion in water during labour and birth
344. Immunonutrition as an adjuvant therapy for burns
345. Immunonutrition for patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer
346. Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases
347. Inositol for depressive disorders
348. Inositol for subfertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome
349. Inositol in preterm infants at risk for or having respiratory distress syndrome
350. Intercessory prayer for the alleviation of ill health
351. Interventions (other than pharmacological, psychosocial or psychological) for treating antenatal depression
352. Interventions during pregnancy to prevent preterm birth: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
353. Interventions for apathy after traumatic brain injury
354. Interventions for bone disease in children with chronic kidney disease
355. Interventions for bullous pemphigoid
356. Interventions for chronic kidney disease-associated restless legs syndrome
357. Interventions for clinical and subclinical hypothyroidism pre-pregnancy and during pregnancy
358. Interventions for cutaneous molluscum contagiosum
359. Interventions for dysarthria due to stroke and other adult-acquired, non-progressive brain injury
360. Interventions for erosive lichen planus affecting mucosal sites
361. Interventions for fatigue in peripheral neuropathy
362. Interventions for improving mobility after hip fracture surgery in adults
363. Interventions for improving upper limb function after stroke
364. Interventions for ingrowing toenails
365. Interventions for lowering plasma homocysteine levels in dialysis patients
366. Interventions for managing asthma in pregnancy
367. Interventions for managing taste disturbances
368. Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy
369. Interventions for pityriasis rosea
370. Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy
371. Interventions for preventing falls in older people in care facilities and hospitals
372. Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community
373. Interventions for preventing falls in people after stroke
374. Interventions for preventing infection in nephrotic syndrome
375. Interventions for preventing nausea and vomiting in women undergoing regional anaesthesia for caesarean section
376. Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment
377. Interventions for prevention of post-operative recurrence of Crohn's disease
378. Interventions for reducing anxiety in women undergoing colposcopy
379. Interventions for reducing inflammation in familial Mediterranean fever
380. Interventions for replacing missing teeth: hyperbaric oxygen therapy for irradiated patients who require dental implants
381. Interventions for the management of dry mouth: non-pharmacological interventions
382. Interventions for the management of oral submucous fibrosis
383. Interventions for the management of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis
384. Interventions for the reduction of prescribed opioid use in chronic non-cancer pain
385. Interventions for treating anxiety after stroke
386. Interventions for treating burning mouth syndrome
387. Interventions for treating collagenous colitis
388. Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy
389. Interventions for treating hyperemesis gravidarum
390. Interventions for treating leg ulcers in people with sickle cell disease
391. Interventions for treating leg ulcers in people with sickle cell disease
392. Interventions for treating oral leukoplakia to prevent oral cancer
393. Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women
394. Interventions for treating persistent pain in survivors of torture
395. Interventions for treating sexual dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease
396. Interventions to facilitate return to work in adults with adjustment disorders
397. Interventions to reduce acute and late adverse gastrointestinal effects of pelvic radiotherapy for primary pelvic cancers
398. Iodine supplementation for the prevention of mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants
399. Iodine supplementation for women during the preconception, pregnancy and postpartum period
400. Iron chelators for acute stroke
401. Iron for restless legs syndrome
402. Iron supplementation for breath-holding attacks in children
403. Iron supplementation for reducing morbidity and mortality in children with HIV
404. Isoflavones for hypercholesterolaemia in adults
405. Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants
406. Kava extract versus placebo for treating anxiety
407. Ketogenic diets for drug‐resistant epilepsy
408. L-carnitine for cognitive enhancement in people without cognitive impairment
409. L-ornithine L-aspartate for prevention and treatment of hepatic encephalopathy in people with cirrhosis
410. Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhoea
411. Laetrile treatment for cancer
412. Lecithin for dementia and cognitive impairment
413. Lifestyle interventions for acute gout
414. Light therapy for improving cognition, activities of daily living, sleep, challenging behaviour, and psychiatric disturbances in dementia
415. Light therapy for non-seasonal depression
416. Lipid‐based nutrient supplements for maternal, birth, and infant developmental outcomes
417. Local cooling for relieving pain from perineal trauma sustained during childbirth
418. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at term
419. Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in preterm infants
420. Low glycaemic index diets for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
421. Low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load diets for overweight and obesity
422. Low glycaemic index, or low glycaemic load, diets for diabetes mellitus
423. Low protein diets for non‐diabetic adults with chronic kidney disease
424. Low-fat diets for acquired hypercholesterolaemia
425. Lycopene for the prevention of prostate cancer
426. Magnesium for alcohol withdrawal
427. Magnesium for skeletal muscle cramps
428. Magnesium for treating sickle cell disease
429. Magnesium maintenance therapy for preventing preterm birth after threatened preterm labour
430. Magnesium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
431. Magnesium supplementation in pregnancy
432. Mailuoning for acute ischaemic stroke
433. Manipulative therapies for infantile colic
434. Manual therapy and exercise for adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)
435. Manual therapy for asthma
436. Massage and touch for dementia
437. Massage for low-back pain
438. Massage for mechanical neck disorders
439. Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infants
440. Massage for promoting mental and physical health in typically developing infants under the age of six months
441. Massage therapy for people with HIV/AIDS
442. Massage with or without aromatherapy for symptom relief in people with cancer
443. Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour
444. Maternal dietary antigen avoidance during pregnancy or lactation, or both, for preventing or treating atopic disease in the child
445. Maternal probiotic supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
446. The medical use of cannabis for reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS
447. Medicinal herbs for hepatitis C virus infection
448. Meditation for adults with haematological malignancies
449. Meditation therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
450. Meditation therapy for anxiety disorders
451. 'Mediterranean' dietary pattern for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
452. Melatonin as add-on treatment for epilepsy
453. Melatonin for non-respiratory sleep disorders in visually impaired children
454. Melatonin for the prevention and treatment of jet lag
455. Melatonin for the promotion of sleep in adults in the intensive care unit
456. Melatonin for the treatment of dementia
457. Melatonin for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetus
458. Methods of milk expression for lactating women
459. Micronutrient supplementation in adults with HIV infection
460. Micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women with HIV infection
461. Midwife-led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing women
462. Milk thistle for alcoholic and/or hepatitis B or C virus liver diseases
463. Mind-body interventions during pregnancy for preventing or treating women's anxiety
464. Mindfulness‐based stress reduction for family carers of people with dementia
465. Mistletoe therapy in oncology
466. Momordica charantia for type 2 diabetes mellitus
467. Monosodium glutamate avoidance for chronic asthma in adults and children
468. Morita therapy for anxiety disorders in adults
469. Morita therapy for schizophrenia
470. Moxibustion for alleviating side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in people with cancer
471. Multinutrient fortification of human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital discharge
472. Multiple-micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy
473. Muscle energy technique for non-specific low-back pain
474. Music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving maternal and infant outcomes
475. Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients
476. Music interventions for acquired brain injury
477. Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients
478. Music interventions for mechanically ventilated patients
479. Music interventions for preoperative anxiety
480. Music therapy for depression
481. Music therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder
482. Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders
483. Music‐based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia
484. N-acetylcarnosine (NAC) drops for age-related cataract
485. Neuromodulators for pain management in rheumatoid arthritis
486. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease
487. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for the prevention of venous thromboembolism
488. Neuromuscular electrostimulation for adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
489. Niacin for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events
490. Nicotine for schizophrenia
491. Nidotherapy for people with schizophrenia
492. Non surgical therapy for anal fissure
493. Non-clinical interventions for reducing unnecessary caesarean section
494. Non-drug therapies for lower limb muscle cramps
495. Non-hormonal interventions for hot flushes in women with a history of breast cancer
496. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for chronic pain
497. Non-invasive interventions for improving well-being and quality of life in patients with lung cancer
498. Non-pharmacological interventions for alleviating pain during orthodontic treatment
499. Non-pharmacological interventions for chronic pain in people with spinal cord injury
500. Non-pharmacological interventions for cognitive impairment due to systemic cancer treatment
501. Non-pharmacological interventions for epilepsy in people with intellectual disabilities
502. Non-pharmacological interventions for fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis
503. Non-pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders and medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) in adults
504. Non-surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain
505. Non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome
506. Non‐clinical interventions for reducing unnecessary caesarean section
507. Non‐pharmacological interventions for chronic pain in multiple sclerosis
508. Normobaric and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for migraine and cluster headache
509. Nutrient-enriched formula milk versus human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital discharge
510. Nutrient-enriched formula versus standard formula for preterm infants following hospital discharge
511. Nutritional interventions for liver-transplanted patients
512. Nutritional interventions for preventing and treating pressure ulcers
513. Nutritional interventions for reducing gastrointestinal toxicity in adults undergoing radical pelvic radiotherapy
514. Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV
515. Nutritional interventions for survivors of childhood cancer
516. Nutritional supplementation for hip fracture aftercare in older people
517. Nutritional supplementation for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
518. Nutritional supplements for patients being treated for active visceral leishmaniasis
519. Nutritional supplements for people being treated for active tuberculosis
520. Nutritional support for acute kidney injury
521. Nutritional support for liver disease
522. Omega 3 fatty acid for the prevention of cognitive decline and dementia
523. Omega 3 fatty acids (fish oil) for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
524. Omega 3 fatty acids (fish oil) for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis
525. Omega 3 fatty acids for preventing or slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration
526. Omega-3 fatty acids for bipolar disorder
527. Omega-3 fatty acids for cystic fibrosis
528. Omega-3 fatty acids for the treatment of dementia
529. Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation for autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
530. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for type 2 diabetes mellitus
531. Omega‐3 fatty acid addition during pregnancy
532. Omega‐3 fatty acids for dialysis vascular access outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease
533. Omega‐3 fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
534. Omega‐6 fats for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
535. Oral Astragalus (Huang qi) for preventing frequent episodes of acute respiratory tract infection in children
536. Oral evening primrose oil and borage oil for eczema
537. Oral herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis
538. Oral immunotherapy for milk allergy
539. Oral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates
540. Oral traditional Chinese medication for adhesive small bowel obstruction
541. Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency
542. Oral zinc for arterial and venous leg ulcers
543. Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children
544. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings
545. Ozone therapy for the treatment of dental caries
546. Padma 28 for intermittent claudication
547. Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews
548. Pain relief for women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia undergoing colposcopy treatment
549. Pain-relieving agents for infantile colic
550. Pancreatic enzymes for chronic pancreatitis
551. Parent-infant psychotherapy for improving parental and infant mental health
552. Parenteral versus oral iron therapy for adults and children with chronic kidney disease
553. Participation in environmental enhancement and conservation activities for health and well-being in adults: a review of quantitative and qualitative evidence
554. Passiflora for anxiety disorder
555. Pelargonium sidoides extract for treating acute respiratory tract infections
556. Pelvic floor muscle training added to another active treatment versus the same active treatment alone for urinary incontinence in women
557. Peri-operative glycaemic control regimens for preventing surgical site infections in adults
558. Perianal injectable bulking agents as treatment for faecal incontinence in adults
559. Person-directed, non-pharmacological interventions for sleepiness at work and sleep disturbances caused by shift work
560. Pharmacological and nutritional treatment for McArdle disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V)
561. Pharmacological interventions for borderline personality disorder
562. Pharmacological interventions for clozapine-induced hypersalivation
563. Pharmacological interventions for sleepiness and sleep disturbances caused by shift work
564. Pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders in adults
565. Pharmacological treatment other than corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and plasma exchange for Guillain-Barré syndrome
566. Pharmacotherapies for cannabis dependence
567. Pharmacotherapies for sleep disturbances in Alzheimer's disease
568. Phlebotonics for haemorrhoids
569. Phlebotonics for venous insufficiency
570. Phyllanthus species for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
571. Phyllanthus species versus antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
572. Physical activity and exercise for chronic pain in adults: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
573. Phytoestrogens for menopausal vasomotor symptoms
574. Phytomedicines (medicines derived from plants) for sickle cell disease
575. Pilates for low back pain
576. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for drug-resistant epilepsy
577. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for schizophrenia
578. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents
579. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for children with specific learning disorders
580. Polyunsaturated fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
581. Postnatal thyroid hormones for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
582. Potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
583. Prebiotics for the prevention of hyperbilirubinaemia in neonates
584. Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy
585. Prescribed hypocaloric nutrition support for critically-ill adults
586. Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers
587. Probiotics for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
588. Probiotics for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis
589. Probiotics for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
590. Probiotics for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis
591. Probiotics for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and/or steatohepatitis
592. Probiotics for people with hepatic encephalopathy
593. Probiotics for preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections
594. Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetes
595. Probiotics for preventing preterm labour
596. Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infection in people with neuropathic bladder
597. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants
598. Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults and children
599. Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic-associated diarrhea
600. Probiotics for the prevention or treatment of chemotherapy‐ or radiotherapy‐related diarrhoea in people with cancer
601. Probiotics for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis
602. Probiotics for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children
603. Probiotics for treating acute infectious diarrhoea
604. Probiotics for treating eczema
605. Probiotics for treating persistent diarrhoea in children
606. Probiotics for treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated colitis in adults
607. Probiotics for vulvovaginal candidiasis in non-pregnant women
608. Probiotics in infants for prevention of allergic disease and food hypersensitivity
609. Procaine treatments for cognition and dementia
610. Prolotherapy injections for chronic low-back pain
611. Prophylactic caffeine to prevent postoperative apnoea following general anaesthesia in preterm infants
612. Prophylactic postnatal thyroid hormones for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
613. Protein restriction for children with chronic kidney disease
614. Protein restriction for diabetic renal disease
615. Psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused
616. Psychological and behavioural treatments for adults with non-epileptic attack disorder
617. Psychological and educational interventions for atopic eczema in children
618. Psychological interventions for acute pain after open heart surgery
619. Psychological interventions for coronary heart disease
620. Psychological interventions for needle‐related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents
621. Psychological interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in people with severe mental illness
622. Psychological preparation and postoperative outcomes for adults undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia
623. Psychological therapies for children and adolescents exposed to trauma
624. Psychological therapies for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia in adults: a network meta-analysis
625. Psychological therapies for pathological and problem gambling
626. Psychological therapies for the treatment of mental disorders in low‐ and middle‐income countries affected by humanitarian crises
627. Psychological therapies for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents
628. Psychological therapies for treatment-resistant depression in adults
629. Psychological treatments for people with epilepsy
630. Psychosocial group interventions to improve psychological well-being in adults living with HIV
631. Psychosocial interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood
632. Psychosocial interventions for self-harm in adults
633. Puerarin for ischaemic stroke
634. Pycnogenol® (extract of French maritime pine bark) for the treatment of chronic disorders
635. Pygeum africanum for benign prostatic hyperplasia
636. Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation in pregnancy
637. Quinine for muscle cramps
638. Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
639. Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease
640. Reduced salt intake compared to normal dietary salt, or high intake, in pregnancy
641. Rehabilitation following carpal tunnel release
642. Relaxation for depression
643. Relaxation for perimenopausal and postmenopausal symptoms
644. Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour
645. Relaxation therapies for the management of primary hypertension in adults
646. Relaxation therapy for preventing and treating preterm labour
647. Reminiscence therapy for dementia
648. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for panic disorder in adults
649. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for improving function after stroke
650. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or motor neuron disease
651. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus
652. Restriction of salt, caffeine and alcohol intake for the treatment of Ménière's disease or syndrome
653. Rheum officinale (a traditional Chinese medicine) for chronic kidney disease
654. Roselle for hypertension in adults
655. Routine vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of blindness due to measles infection in children
656. Rutosides for prevention of post‐thrombotic syndrome
657. Rutosides for treatment of post‐thrombotic syndrome
658. S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe) for depression in adults
659. S-adenosyl-L-methionine for alcoholic liver diseases
660. S-Adenosylmethionine for osteoarthritis of the knee or hip
661. Salicylate-containing rubefacients for acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain in adults
662. Sanchi for acute ischaemic stroke
663. Selenium for alleviating the side effects of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery in cancer patients
664. Selenium for preventing cancer
665. Selenium supplementation for asthma
666. Selenium supplementation for critically ill adults
667. Selenium supplementation for Hashimoto's thyroiditis
668. Selenium supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
669. Selenium supplementation to prevent short-term morbidity in preterm neonates
670. Sensory environment on health-related outcomes of hospital patients
671. Serenoa repens for benign prostatic hyperplasia
672. Simulated presence therapy for dementia
673. Singing as an adjunct therapy for children and adults with cystic fibrosis
674. Singing for adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
675. Singing for children and adults with bronchiectasis
676. Single dose oral ibuprofen plus caffeine for acute postoperative pain in adults
677. Single herbal medicine for diabetic retinopathy
678. Skin-to-skin care for procedural pain in neonates
679. Smectite for acute infectious diarrhoea in children
680. Snoezelen for dementia
681. Speleotherapy for asthma
682. Spinal manipulation for dysmenorrhoea
683. Spinal manipulative therapy for acute low-back pain
684. Spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back pain
685. Spiritual and religious interventions for well-being of adults in the terminal phase of disease
686. Sports and games for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
687. St John's wort for major depression
688. Steam inhalation or humidified oxygen for acute bronchiolitis in children up to three years of age
689. Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point P6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting
690. Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infants
691. Supplementation with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) to breastfeeding mothers for improving child growth and development
692. Surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation for quadriceps strengthening pre and post total knee replacement
693. Swallowing therapy for dysphagia in acute and subacute stroke
694. Sweet potato for type 2 diabetes mellitus
695. Tai Chi for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
696. Tai chi for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
697. Tai chi for treating rheumatoid arthritis
698. Testosterone for schizophrenia
699. Therapeutic touch for anxiety disorders
700. Therapeutic ultrasound for chronic low-back pain
701. Thermotherapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis
702. Thermotherapy for treatment of osteoarthritis
703. Thiamine for Alzheimer's disease
704. Thiamine for prevention and treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in people who abuse alcohol
705. 'Third wave' cognitive and behavioural therapies versus other psychological therapies for depression
706. 'Third wave' cognitive and behavioural therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
707. Thymic peptides for treatment of cancer patients
708. Thyroid hormone supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants undergoing cardiac surgery
709. Thyroid hormones for acute kidney injury
710. Thyroid hormones for preventing neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm infants
711. Tianma Gouteng Yin Formula for treating primary hypertension
712. Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris
713. Tongxinluo capsule for acute stroke
714. Topical analgesia for acute otitis media
715. Topical analgesics for acute and chronic pain in adults - an overview of Cochrane Reviews
716. Topical capsaicin (high concentration) for chronic neuropathic pain in adults
717. Topical capsaicin (low concentration) for chronic neuropathic pain in adults
718. Topical herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis
719. Topical treatments for chronic plaque psoriasis
720. Traditional Chinese herbal medicine for vascular dementia
721. Traditional Chinese herbal products for stable angina
722. Traditional Chinese Medicine herbs for stopping bleeding from haemorrhoids
723. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for idiopathic Parkinson's disease
724. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning, in people after stroke
725. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving aphasia in patients after stroke
726. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of epilepsy
727. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder
728. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) for cancer pain in adults
729. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) for dementia
730. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for fibromyalgia in adults
731. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for neuropathic pain in adults
732. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain management in labour
733. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain management in sickle cell disease
734. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for phantom pain and stump pain following amputation in adults
735. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in the hand
736. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) versus placebo for chronic low-back pain
737. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for acute pain
738. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for primary dysmenorrhoea
739. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) for treatment of constipation in children
740. Transcutaneous electrostimulation for osteoarthritis of the knee
741. Transcutaneous electrostimulation for suspected placental insufficiency (diagnosed by Doppler studies)
742. Treatment for ataxia in multiple sclerosis
743. Treatment for cramps in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease
744. Treatment for mitochondrial disorders
745. Treatment for osteoporosis in people with ß-thalassaemia
746. Treatment for postpolio syndrome
747. Treatment of fatigue in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease
748. Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation
749. Treatments for women with gestational diabetes mellitus: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
750. Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (a traditional Chinese medicine) for primary nephrotic syndrome
751. Tryptophan and 5-Hydroxytryptophan for depression
752. Tyrosine supplementation for phenylketonuria
753. Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage
754. Valerian for anxiety disorders
755. Vitamin A and beta (β)‐carotene supplementation for cystic fibrosis
756. Vitamin A and fish oils for retinitis pigmentosa
757. Vitamin A for non-measles pneumonia in children
758. Vitamin A for preventing acute lower respiratory tract infections in children up to seven years of age
759. Vitamin A for treating measles in children
760. Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn outcomes
761. Vitamin A supplementation for preventing morbidity and mortality in children from six months to five years of age
762. Vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants one to six months of age
763. Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short- and long-term morbidity in very low birth weight infants
764. Vitamin A supplements for reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission
765. Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid and late life
766. Vitamin and mineral supplementation for preventing dementia or delaying cognitive decline in people with mild cognitive impairment
767. Vitamin B6 for cognition
768. Vitamin B12 for cognition
769. Vitamin B and its derivatives for diabetic kidney disease
770. Vitamin B for treating peripheral neuropathy
771. Vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) for diabetic retinopathy
772. Vitamin C for asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
773. Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia
774. Vitamin C for preventing and treating tetanus
775. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold
776. Vitamin C supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
777. Vitamin C supplementation in pregnancy
778. Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures in post-menopausal women and older men
779. Vitamin D as an adjunct to antibiotics for the treatment of acute childhood pneumonia
780. Vitamin D compounds for people with chronic kidney disease not requiring dialysis
781. Vitamin D compounds for people with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis
782. Vitamin D for the management of asthma
783. Vitamin D for the management of multiple sclerosis
784. Vitamin D for the treatment of chronic painful conditions in adults
785. Vitamin D supplementation for cystic fibrosis
786. Vitamin D supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children
787. Vitamin D supplementation for preventing infections in children under five years of age
788. Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of cancer in adults
789. Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults
790. Vitamin D supplementation for sickle cell disease
791. Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy
792. Vitamin E for Alzheimer's dementia and mild cognitive impairment
793. Vitamin E for intermittent claudication
794. Vitamin E for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
795. Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
796. Vitamin E supplementation in people with cystic fibrosis
797. Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy
798. Vitamin K for improved anticoagulation control in patients receiving warfarin
799. Vitamin K for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with acute or chronic liver diseases
800. Vitamin K prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhage
801. Vitamin K supplementation for cystic fibrosis
802. Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage
803. Vitamins C and E for asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
804. Vitamins for epilepsy
805. Water for wound cleansing
806. Weight loss interventions for chronic asthma
807. Wendan decoction (Traditional Chinese medicine) for schizophrenia
808. Whole grain cereals for the primary or secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
809. Whole grain foods for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus
810. Workplace interventions for reducing sitting at work
811. Workplace interventions for reducing sitting at work
812. Wound cleansing for pressure ulcers
813. Written emotional disclosure for asthma
814. Xiongshao for restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary heart disease
815. Xuebijing for paraquat poisoning
816. Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age
817. Yizhi capsule for vascular dementia
818. Yoga for asthma
819. Yoga for epilepsy
820. Yoga for improving health-related quality of life, mental health and cancer-related symptoms in women diagnosed with breast cancer
821. Yoga for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease
822. Yoga for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
823. Yoga for treatment of urinary incontinence in women
824. Yoga in addition to standard care for patients with haematological malignancies
825. Yoga treatment for chronic non-specific low back pain
826. Yoga versus non-standard care for schizophrenia
827. Zhiling decoction for vascular dementia
828. Zinc supplementation as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia in children 2 to 59 months of age
829. Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome
830. Zinc supplementation for mental and motor development in children
831. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of pneumonia in children aged 2 months to 59 months
832. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus
833. Zinc supplementation for tinnitus
834. Zinc supplements for preventing otitis media
835. Zinc supplements for treating thalassaemia and sickle cell disease

Complementary medicine-related protocols published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 12 2018)

1. Abdominal massage for the treatment of constipation
2. Acetyl-L-carnitine for patients with hepatic encephalopathy
3. Acetyl-L-carnitine for the treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy
4. Acupoint stimulation for postoperative ileus following gastrointestinal surgery
5. Acupuncture and related interventions for treating plantar heel pain in adults
6. Acupuncture for (sub)acute non-specific low-back pain
7. Acupuncture for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
8. Acupuncture for angina pectoris
9. Acupuncture for chronic constipation
10. Acupuncture for chronic hepatitis B
11. Acupuncture for female subfertility
12. Acupuncture for Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome
13. Acupuncture for Guillain-Barré syndrome
14. Acupuncture for Parkinson's Disease
15. Acupuncture for primary hypercholesterolaemia
16. Acupuncture for sudden idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss
17. Acupuncture for symptomatic gastroparesis
18. Acupuncture for symptomatic treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy
19. Acupuncture for the prevention of tension-type headache
20. Acupuncture for the treatment of post-operative pain
21. Acupuncture for treatment-related side effects in women with breast cancer
22. Acupuncture for turning a breech baby in pregnancy
23. Acupuncture point stimulation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
24. Adjunctive Peony-Glycyrrhiza Decoction for antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia
25. Alcohol intake reduction for controlling hypertension
26. Alpha-lipoic acid for diabetic peripheral neuropathy
27. Alpha-lipoic acid for diabetic peripheral neuropathy
28. Alternative prophylactic therapies (acupuncture and/or moxibustion) for reducing blood loss in the third stage of labour
29. Animal-assisted therapy for people with serious mental illness
30. Antioxidant treatments for schizophrenia
31. Antioxidants for acute pancreatitis
32. Ayurvedic herbal preparations for hypercholesterolaemia
33. Balneotherapy for chronic venous insufficiency
34. Behavioural therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
35. Biofeedback for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
36. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation for improving nutrition in term and preterm neonates
37. Calcium and vitamin D for increasing bone mineral density in premenopausal women
38. Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, or food fortification with calcium, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
39. Calcium supplementation for prevention of primary hypertension
40. Calcium supplementation for weight reduction in overweight or obese people
41. Calcium, vitamin D or recombinant parathyroid hormone for managing post-thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism
42. Capsaicin for non-allergic rhinitis
43. Carbohydrate or fat-restricted diets for obesity
44. Chelation for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
45. Chinese herbal medicine alone or combined with vitamins for gastric precancerous lesions
46. Chinese herbal medicine for advanced pancreatic cancer
47. Chinese herbal medicine for treating recurrent urinary tract infections in women
48. Chinese herbal medicines for adverse events of transarterial chemoembolization in patients with primary liver cancer
49. Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of neonatal jaundice
50. Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriage
51. Chinese medicinal herbs for vaginal bleeding of medical abortion
52. Chinese medicine for immunological functions in women with breast cancer or a history of breast cancer
53. Citicoline (CDP-choline) for traumatic brain injury
54. Cognitive-emotional interventions for breathlessness in adults with advanced diseases
55. Combined large neutral amino acid supplementation for phenylketonuria (PKU)
56. Complementary and alternative therapies for post-caesarean pain
57. Complementary and alternative therapies for shortening labour
58. Complementary therapies for chronic plaque psoriasis
59. Cordyceps sinensis (a traditional Chinese medicine) for kidney transplant recipients
60. Cordyceps sinensis for hypertension in adults
61. Coriolus versicolor mushroom for colorectal cancer treatment
62. Cranberries for treating asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy
63. Dietary advice for schizophrenia
64. Dietary fibre for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
65. Dietary interventions for adult cancer survivors
66. Different strains of probiotics for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a network meta-analysis
67. EEG neurofeedback for executive functions in children with neurodevelopmental challenges
68. Effectiveness of provision of animal-source foods for supporting optimal growth and development in children 6 to 59 months of age
69. The effects of oral vitamin D supplementation on linear growth and non-communicable diseases among infants and children younger than five years of age
70. Effects of preventive oral supplementation with iron or iron with folic acid for women following childbirth
71. Electrical stimulation for treating pressure ulcers
72. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted devices for stress urinary incontinence in women
73. Electrotherapy modalities for lateral elbow pain
74. Enteral zinc supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates
75. Ephedrine for myasthenia gravis
76. Exercise interventions for preventing dementia or delaying cognitive decline in people with mild cognitive impairment
77. Fiber and bulking agents for the treatment of chronic constipation
78. Fish oil supplements for rheumatoid arthritis
79. Fish oil supplements for the prevention and treatment of hypertension in adults
80. Fish oil-based lipid emulsions versus standard lipid emulsions for prevention of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in children
81. Fish oil-based lipid emulsions versus standard lipid emulsions for treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in children
82. Folate supplementation in patients with sickle cell disease
83. Folate supplementation in people with sickle cell disease
84. Ginkgo biloba versus placebo for schizophrenia
85. Ginseng for erectile dysfunction
86. Ginseng for improving the quality of life in people with cancer
87. Glutamine for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
88. Glutamine for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
89. Glycyrrhizin for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
90. Glycyrrhizin versus antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
91. Guided imagery for treating hypertension in pregnancy
92. Helminths for asthma
93. Herbal medicinal products or preparations for neuropathic pain
94. Herbal medicine for relapse and metastasis in patients operated for colorectal cancer
95. Herbal medicines for systemic lupus erythematosus
96. Herbal medicines for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease
97. Herbal medicines for type 1 diabetes mellitus
98. Homeopathy for osteoarthritis
99. Humanistic therapies versus other psychological therapies for depression
100. Humanistic therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
101. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for persistent post-concussion syndrome following mild traumatic brain injury
102. Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth
103. Hypnosis for preventing preterm labour
104. Immunonutrition for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults
105. Inosine for multiple sclerosis
106. Intranasal oxytocin for autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
107. Intranasal phototherapy for allergic rhinitis
108. Ketogenic diet for primary brain and spinal cord tumours
109. L-acetylcarnitine for fragile X syndrome
110. Lactoferrin for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgery
111. Leeches (Hirudinea) for osteoarthritis
112. Light therapy for preventing seasonal affective disorder
113. Listening to music for improving sleep in adults with insomnia
114. Lutein and zeaxanthin for reducing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
115. Magnesium sulphate for acute bronchiolitis in children under two years of age
116. Magnetic seizure therapy for people with schizophrenia
117. Manual therapy and exercise for lateral elbow pain
118. Manual therapy with exercise for neck pain
119. Marine-derived n-3 fatty acids therapy for stroke
120. Massage therapy for preventing pressure ulcers
121. Maternal prenatal and/or postnatal n-3 fish oil supplementation for preventing allergies in early childhood
122. The McKenzie method for (sub)acute non-specific low-back pain
123. The McKenzie method for chronic non-specific low-back pain
124. Medicinal herbs for acute hepatitis B
125. Meditation for adult patients with haematological malignancies
126. Melatonin and agomelatine for preventing seasonal affective disorder
127. Melatonin for preoperative anxiety in adults
128. Melatonin for tinnitus
129. Melatonin for treating pre-eclampsia
130. Melatonin in cancer treatment
131. Mind-body movement therapies for Parkinson's disease
132. Mindfulness-based parenting programmes for improving psychosocial outcomes in children from birth to age 18 and their parents
133. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for women diagnosed with breast cancer
134. Modified dietary fat intake for treatment of gallstone disease
135. Moxibustion for stroke rehabilitation
136. Music for pain relief
137. Music therapy for people with substance use disorders
138. Myo-inositol for preventing gestational diabetes
139. N-acetylcysteine as an adjuvant therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication
140. N-acetylcysteine for non-paracetamol (acetaminophen)-related acute liver failure
141. Neuroaid for improving recovery after ischemic stroke
142. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for patellofemoral pain syndrome
143. Non-hormonal therapy for hot flushes in postmenopausal women
144. Non-pharmacological interventions for managing dental anxiety in children
145. Non‐invasive brain stimulation for improving cognitive function in people with dementia and mild cognitive impairment
146. Nutritional supplementation for non‐alcohol‐related fatty liver disease: a network meta‐analysis
147. Omega 3 fatty acids for the treatment of dementia and cognitive impairment
148. Omega-3 and omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids for dry eye syndrome
149. Omega-3 fatty acids for depression in adults
150. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
151. Open Dialogue for psychosis or severe mental illness
152. Oral nutritional supplements for treating venous leg ulcers
153. Oral probiotics for infantile colic
154. Oral protein-based supplements for people with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis
155. Oral zinc for the prevention of hyperbilirubinemia in neonates
156. Ozone therapy for treating diabetic foot ulcers
157. Pentoxifylline and vitamin E alone or in combination for preventing and treating side effects of radiation therapy and concomitant chemoradiotherapy
158. Perioperative antioxidants for adults undergoing elective non‐cardiac surgery
159. Perioperative prebiotics, probiotics or synbiotics for elective abdominal surgery in adults
160. Physical activity for improving the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents
161. Physical interventions (orthoses, splints, exercise and manual therapy) for treating plantar heel pain
162. Phytoestrogens in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis
163. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infancy for the prevention of allergy and food hypersensitivity
164. Preschool and school-based mindfulness programmes for improving mental health and cognitive functioning in young people aged 3 to 18 years
165. Probiotic agents for the treatment of diarrhoea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome
166. Probiotics as adjunctive therapy for eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection
167. Probiotics for fibromyalgia
168. Probiotics for people with cystic fibrosis
169. Probiotics for preventing acute otitis media in children
170. Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children
171. Probiotics for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia
172. Probiotics for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgery
173. Probiotics for the prevention or treatment of hyperbilirubinaemia in late preterm and term neonates
174. Probiotics for treating women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal health and well-being
175. Probiotics to prevent infantile colic
176. Provision of folic acid for reducing arsenic toxicity in arsenic-exposed children and adults
177. Psychodynamic therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
178. Psychological therapies for the prevention of migraine in adults
179. Qigong for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
180. Radix Sophorae flavescentis for chronic hepatitis B
181. Radix Sophorae flavescentis versus antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B
182. Reflexology for treatment of constipation
183. Reiki treatment for psychological symptoms
184. Role of homeopathic medicines in prevention and treatment of paralytic ileus
185. Saffron (adjunct) for people with schizophrenia who have antipsychotic-induced metabolic syndrome
186. Selenium supplementation during pregnancy for improving maternal and newborn outcomes
187. Short chain fatty acids (butyrate) for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis
188. Systemic nutritional interventions for treating foot ulcers in people with diabetes
189. Tai Chi for hypertension
190. Tai Chi for improving recovery after stroke
191. Tai chi for schizophrenia
192. Testosterone supplementation for mild cognitive impairment and dementia
193. Tong-xin-luo capsule for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention
194. Topical herbal interventions for gingivitis
195. Topical oils for the prevention or treatment of dry skin in term infants
196. Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs for condyloma acuminatum
197. Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis
198. Transcranial laser therapy for acute ischemic stroke
199. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for post-traumatic stress disorder
200. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for schizophrenia
201. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic low-back pain
202. Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women
203. Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid life
204. Vitamin B for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy
205. Vitamin C for preventing complex regional pain syndrome (type I) after wrist fractures in adults
206. Vitamin C supplementation for prevention and treatment of pneumonia
207. Vitamin D supplementation in infancy for improving bone density
208. Vitamin D with or without calcium for treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
209. Vitamin E supplementation for adults with diabetes mellitus
210. Vitamin K for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women
211. Vitamin K for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
212. Vitamins and minerals for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
213. Workplace lighting for improving mood and alertness in daytime workers
214. Xiao Chai Hu Tang, a Chinese herbal medicine formula, for chronic hepatitis B
215. Xylitol-containing products for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents
216. Yoga as part of a package of care versus non-standard care for schizophrenia
217. Yoga as part of a package of care versus standard care for schizophrenia
218. Yoga for schizophrenia
219. Yoga for schizophrenia
220. Yoga for stroke rehabilitation
221. Zinc for preventing and treating the common cold