Cochrane Reviews and Protocols related to Complementary Medicine

Here is a list, in alphabetical order, of the reviews and protocols that we have assessed as related to complementary or integrative medicine, which are currently available in the Cochrane Library.

Cochrane reviews covering complementary medicine topics through Issue 4 2020
1. Acanthopanax for acute ischaemic stroke
2. Acetyl-l-carnitine for dementia
3. Acetyl‐L‐carnitine for patients with hepatic encephalopathy
4. Active mind‐body movement therapies as an adjunct to or in comparison with pulmonary rehabilitation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
5. Acupuncture and acupressure for premenstrual syndrome
6. Acupuncture and assisted reproductive technology
7. Acupuncture and dry-needling for low back pain
8. Acupuncture and electroacupuncture for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
9. Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation
10. Acupuncture and related interventions for symptoms of chronic kidney disease
11. Acupuncture and related interventions for the treatment of symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome
12. Acupuncture for acute hordeolum
13. Acupuncture for acute management and rehabilitation of traumatic brain injury
14. Acupuncture for acute stroke
15. Acupuncture for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents
16. Acupuncture for autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
17. Acupuncture for Bell's palsy
18. Acupuncture for cancer pain in adults
19. Acupuncture for chronic asthma
20. Acupuncture for chronic hepatitis B
21. Acupuncture for depression
22. Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea
23. Acupuncture for dysphagia in acute stroke
24. Acupuncture for epilepsy
25. Acupuncture for functional dyspepsia
26. Acupuncture for glaucoma
27. Acupuncture for hip osteoarthritis
28. Acupuncture for hypertension
29. Acupuncture for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy in neonates
30. Acupuncture for insomnia
31. Acupuncture for lateral elbow pain
32. Acupuncture for menopausal hot flushes
33. Acupuncture for mumps in children
34. Acupuncture for neuropathic pain in adults
35. Acupuncture for pain in endometriosis
36. Acupuncture for polycystic ovarian syndrome
37. Acupuncture for renal colic
38. Acupuncture for restless legs syndrome
39. Acupuncture for schizophrenia
40. Acupuncture for shoulder pain
41. Acupuncture for slowing the progression of myopia in children and adolescents
42. Acupuncture for stress urinary incontinence in adults
43. Acupuncture for stroke rehabilitation
44. Acupuncture for symptomatic gastroparesis
45. Acupuncture for the prevention of episodic migraine
46. Acupuncture for treating acute ankle sprains in adults
47. Acupuncture for treating fibromyalgia
48. Acupuncture for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
49. Acupuncture for uterine fibroids
50. Acupuncture for vascular dementia
51. Acupuncture or acupressure for induction of labour
52. Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management during labour
53. Alexander technique for chronic asthma
54. Aloe vera for prevention and treatment of infusion phlebitis
55. Aloe vera for treating acute and chronic wounds
56. Alpha lipoic acid for dementia
57. Altered dietary salt for preventing pre-eclampsia, and its complications
58. Altered dietary salt intake for people with chronic kidney disease
59. Altered dietary salt intake for preventing and treating diabetic kidney disease
60. Alternating current cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) for depression
61. Animal‐assisted therapy for dementia
62. Antenatal and intrapartum interventions for preventing cerebral palsy: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
63. Antenatal breast milk expression by women with diabetes for improving infant outcomes
64. Anti-spasticity agents for multiple sclerosis
65. Antiemetic medication for prevention and treatment of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting in childhood
66. Antioxidant supplementation for lung disease in cystic fibrosis
67. Antioxidant supplements for liver diseases
68. Antioxidant supplements for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and/or steatohepatitis
69. Antioxidant supplements for preventing gastrointestinal cancers
70. Antioxidant supplements for prevention of mortality in healthy participants and patients with various diseases
71. Antioxidant treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or motor neuron disease
72. Antioxidant treatments for schizophrenia
73. Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for preventing age-related macular degeneration
74. Antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements for slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration
75. Antioxidant vitamin supplementation for preventing and slowing the progression of age-related cataract
76. Antioxidants for chronic kidney disease
77. Antioxidants for female subfertility
78. Antioxidants for male subfertility
79. Antioxidants for pain in chronic pancreatitis
80. Antioxidants for preventing and reducing muscle soreness after exercise
81. Antioxidants for preventing pre-eclampsia
82. Arginine supplementation for prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in preterm infants
83. Aromatherapy for dementia
84. Aromatherapy for pain management in labour
85. Aromatherapy for treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting
86. Art therapy for people with dementia
87. Art therapy for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses
88. Assessment and support during early labour for improving birth outcomes
89. Assisted reproductive technology: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
90. Astragalus (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease
91. Auricular acupuncture for cocaine dependence
92. Ayurvedic medicine for schizophrenia
93. Ayurvedic treatments for diabetes mellitus
94. Balneotherapy for chronic venous insufficiency
95. Balneotherapy for osteoarthritis
96. Balneotherapy for rheumatoid arthritis
97. Behavioural interventions for dysmenorrhoea
98. Behavioural therapies versus other psychological therapies for depression
99. Behavioural treatment for chronic low-back pain
100. Beta-sitosterols for benign prostatic hyperplasia
101. Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults
102. Biofeedback for pain management during labour
103. Biofeedback for treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation in adults
104. Biofeedback for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
105. Black cohosh (Cimicifuga spp.) for menopausal symptoms
106. Blood pressure lowering efficacy of coenzyme Q10 for primary hypertension
107. Branched-chain amino acids for people with hepatic encephalopathy
108. Breastfeeding or nipple stimulation for reducing postpartum haemorrhage in the third stage of labour
109. Breathing exercises for adults with asthma
110. Bulking agents, antispasmodics and antidepressants for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
111. Caffeine as an analgesic adjuvant for acute pain in adults
112. Caffeine for asthma
113. Caffeine versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infants
114. Calcium and phosphorus supplementation of human milk for preterm infants
115. Calcium and vitamin D for corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis
116. Calcium supplementation (other than for preventing or treating hypertension) for improving pregnancy and infant outcomes
117. Calcium supplementation commencing before or early in pregnancy, for preventing hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
118. Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for preventing hypertensive disorders and related problems
119. Calcium supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children
120. Calcium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
121. Calcium supplementation on bone loss in postmenopausal women
122. Calcium, vitamin D or recombinant parathyroid hormone for managing post‐thyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism
123. Calorie controlled diet for chronic asthma
124. Cannabinoids for epilepsy
125. Cannabinoids for fibromyalgia
126. Cannabinoids for nausea and vomiting in adults with cancer receiving chemotherapy
127. Cannabinoids for the treatment of dementia
128. Cannabinoids for Tourette's Syndrome
129. Cannabis and schizophrenia
130. Cannabis for the treatment of Crohn's disease
131. Cannabis for the treatment of ulcerative colitis
132. Cannabis‐based medicines for chronic neuropathic pain in adults
133. Cardioprotective interventions for cancer patients receiving anthracyclines
134. Carnitine for fatigue in multiple sclerosis
135. Carnitine supplementation for inborn errors of metabolism
136. Carnitine supplementation for preterm infants with recurrent apnoea
137. Carnitine supplementation of parenterally fed neonates
138. Castor oil, bath and/or enema for cervical priming and induction of labour
139. Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation
140. Chelation therapy for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
141. Chinese herbal medicine for atopic eczema
142. Chinese herbal medicine for chronic neck pain due to cervical degenerative disc disease
143. Chinese herbal medicine for diabetic peripheral neuropathy
144. Chinese herbal medicine for endometriosis
145. Chinese herbal medicine for menopausal symptoms
146. Chinese herbal medicine for oesophageal cancer
147. Chinese herbal medicine for premenstrual syndrome
148. Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea
149. Chinese herbal medicine for schizophrenia
150. Chinese herbal medicine for subfertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome
151. Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulations for nephrotic syndrome
152. Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy
153. Chinese herbal medicine suxiao jiuxin wan for angina pectoris
154. Chinese herbal medicines for acute pancreatitis
155. Chinese herbal medicines for benign thyroid nodules in adults
156. Chinese herbal medicines for esophageal cancer
157. Chinese herbal medicines for hypercholesterolemia
158. Chinese herbal medicines for hyperthyroidism
159. Chinese herbal medicines for hypertriglyceridaemia
160. Chinese herbal medicines for hypothyroidism
161. Chinese herbal medicines for induction of remission in advanced or late gastric cancer
162. Chinese herbal medicines for people with impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting blood glucose
163. Chinese herbal medicines for threatened miscarriage
164. Chinese herbal medicines for treating osteoporosis
165. Chinese herbal medicines for treating pre-eclampsia
166. Chinese herbal medicines for treating skin and soft-tissue infections
167. Chinese herbal medicines for type 2 diabetes mellitus
168. Chinese herbal medicines for unexplained recurrent miscarriage
169. Chinese herbs combined with Western medicine for severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
170. Chinese medical herbs for chemotherapy side effects in colorectal cancer patients
171. Chinese medicinal herbs for acute bronchitis
172. Chinese medicinal herbs for asymptomatic carriers of hepatitis B virus infection
173. Chinese medicinal herbs for cholelithiasis
174. Chinese medicinal herbs for chronic hepatitis B
175. Chinese medicinal herbs for influenza
176. Chinese medicinal herbs for measles
177. Chinese medicinal herbs for mumps
178. Chinese medicinal herbs for sore throat
179. Chinese medicinal herbs for the common cold
180. Chinese medicinal herbs to treat the side-effects of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients
181. Chitosan for overweight or obesity
182. Chondroitin for osteoarthritis
183. Chromium picolinate supplementation for overweight or obese adults
184. Chuanxiong-type preparations for acute ischemic stroke
185. Cinnamon for diabetes mellitus
186. Co-enzyme Q10 supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
187. Coenzyme Q10 for heart failure
188. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), third-wave CBT and interpersonal therapy (IPT) based interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescents
189. Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus
190. Cold-water immersion (cryotherapy) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise
191. Combined calcium, magnesium and potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
192. Combined chiropractic interventions for low-back pain
193. Combined diet and exercise interventions for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus
194. Combined vitamin B6-magnesium treatment in autism spectrum disorder
195. Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour
196. Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for nocturnal enuresis in children
197. Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris
198. Conservative interventions for treating exercise-related musculotendinous, ligamentous and osseous groin pain
199. Conservative interventions for treating functional daytime urinary incontinence in children
200. Conservative management for postprostatectomy urinary incontinence
201. Continuous support for women during childbirth
202. Cordyceps sinensis (a traditional Chinese medicine) for treating chronic kidney disease
203. Cranberries for preventing urinary tract infections
204. Cranberries for treating urinary tract infections
205. Creatine for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease
206. Creatine for Parkinson's disease
207. Creatine for treating muscle disorders
208. Creatine for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetus
209. Curcumin for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis
210. Cyclamen europaeum extract for acute sinusitis
211. Cysteine, cystine or N-acetylcysteine supplementation in parenterally fed neonates
212. Daily oral iron supplementation during pregnancy
213. Dan Shen agents for acute ischaemic stroke
214. Dance movement therapy for dementia
215. Dance movement therapy for depression
216. Dance therapy for schizophrenia
217. Dance/movement therapy for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients
218. Danshen (Chinese medicinal herb) preparations for acute myocardial infarction
219. Deep brain and cortical stimulation for epilepsy
220. Deep transverse friction massage for treating tendinitis
221. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) supplementation for cognitive function in healthy elderly people
222. Dehydroepiandrosterone for systemic lupus erythematosus
223. Dehydroepiandrosterone for women in the peri- or postmenopausal phase
224. Dengzhanhua preparations for acute cerebral infarction
225. Diaries for recovery from critical illness
226. Dietary advice for reducing cardiovascular risk
227. Dietary advice interventions in pregnancy for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus
228. Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps
229. Dietary fibre for the prevention of recurrent colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
230. Dietary fibre for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
231. Dietary flavonoid for preventing colorectal neoplasms
232. Dietary interventions (plant sterols, stanols, omega-3 fatty acids, soy protein and dietary fibers) for familial hypercholesterolaemia
233. Dietary interventions for adult cancer survivors
234. Dietary interventions for adults with chronic kidney disease
235. Dietary interventions for multiple sclerosis
236. Dietary interventions for preventing complications in idiopathic hypercalciuria
237. Dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood
238. Dietary interventions for rheumatoid arthritis
239. Dietary marine fatty acids (fish oil) for asthma in adults and children
240. Dietary sodium manipulation and asthma
241. Dietary supplementation with myo-inositol in women during pregnancy for treating gestational diabetes
242. Dietary supplements for chronic gout
243. Dietary supplements for dysmenorrhoea
244. Dietary supplements for established atopic eczema
245. Dietary supplements for preventing postnatal depression
246. Different methods for the induction of labour in outpatient settings
247. Different types of dietary advice for women with gestational diabetes mellitus
248. Drama therapy for schizophrenia or schizophrenia-like illnesses
249. Drugs for preventing lung cancer in healthy people
250. Early intervention for psychosis
251. Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants
252. Echinacea for preventing and treating the common cold
253. Effect of cocoa on blood pressure
254. Effects and safety of periconceptional folate supplementation for preventing birth defects
255. Effects of low sodium diet versus high sodium diet on blood pressure, renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, cholesterol, and triglyceride
256. Effects of restricted caffeine intake by mother on fetal, neonatal and pregnancy outcome
257. Effects of total fat intake on bodyweight in children
258. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, an omega-3 fatty acid from fish oils) for the treatment of cancer cachexia
259. Electrical stimulation for faecal incontinence in adults
260. Electrical stimulation for preventing and treating post-stroke shoulder pain
261. Electrical stimulation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
262. Electrical stimulation for treating pressure ulcers
263. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes for overactive bladder in adults
264. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes for urinary incontinence in men
265. Electromagnetic fields for treating osteoarthritis
266. Electromagnetic therapy for treating pressure ulcers
267. Electromagnetic therapy for treating venous leg ulcers
268. Electrotherapy modalities for adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)
269. Endometriosis: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
270. Enteral iron supplementation in preterm and low birth weight infants
271. Enteral lactoferrin supplementation for prevention of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants
272. Enteral nutrition for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
273. Ephedrine for myasthenia gravis, neonatal myasthenia and the congenital myasthenic syndromes
274. Exercise for dysmenorrhoea
275. Exercise for preventing falls in older people living in the community
276. Exercise for rheumatoid arthritis of the hand
277. Exercise programs for people with dementia
278. Exercises for mechanical neck disorders
279. Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants
280. Fermented milk for hypertension
281. Feverfew for preventing migraine
282. Fish oil for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis
283. Fish oil for kidney transplant recipients
284. Flavonoids for treating venous leg ulcers
285. Folate for depressive disorders
286. Folic acid and folinic acid for reducing side effects in patients receiving methotrexate for rheumatoid arthritis
287. Folic acid for fragile X syndrome
288. Folic acid supplementation during pregnancy for maternal health and pregnancy outcomes
289. Folic acid with or without vitamin B12 for the prevention and treatment of healthy elderly and demented people
290. Ganoderma lucidum (Reishi mushroom) for cancer treatment
291. Ganoderma lucidum mushroom for the treatment of cardiovascular risk factors
292. Garlic for peripheral arterial occlusive disease
293. Garlic for preventing pre-eclampsia and its complications
294. Garlic for the common cold
295. Garlic for the prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hypertensive patients
296. Ginkgo biloba extract for age-related macular degeneration
297. Ginkgo biloba for acute ischaemic stroke
298. Ginkgo biloba for cognitive impairment and dementia
299. Ginkgo biloba for intermittent claudication
300. Ginkgo biloba for tinnitus
301. Ginseng for cognition
302. Glucosamine therapy for treating osteoarthritis
303. Glutamine supplementation for critically ill adults
304. Glutamine supplementation for young infants with severe gastrointestinal disease
305. Glutamine supplementation to prevent morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
306. Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
307. Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer
308. Green tea for weight loss and weight maintenance in overweight or obese adults
309. Guided imagery for treating hypertension in pregnancy
310. Hawthorn extract for treating chronic heart failure
311. Helminth therapy (worms) for allergic rhinitis
312. Helminth therapy (worms) for induction of remission in inflammatory bowel disease
313. Herbal interventions for chronic asthma in adults and children
314. Herbal medicinal products or preparations for neuropathic pain
315. Herbal medicine for low-back pain
316. Herbal medicines for fatty liver diseases
317. Herbal medicines for treating HIV infection and AIDS
318. Herbal medicines for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
319. Herbal preparations for uterine fibroids
320. Herbal therapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis
321. Homeopathic medicinal products for preventing and treating acute respiratory tract infections in children
322. Homeopathic medicines for adverse effects of cancer treatments
323. Homeopathic Oscillococcinum® for preventing and treating influenza and influenza-like illness
324. Homeopathy for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder or hyperkinetic disorder
325. Homeopathy for chronic asthma
326. Homeopathy for dementia
327. Homeopathy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
328. Homocysteine lowering interventions for peripheral arterial disease and bypass grafts
329. Homocysteine-lowering interventions for preventing cardiovascular events
330. Homoeopathy for induction of labour
331. Honey and lozenges for children with non-specific cough
332. Honey as a topical treatment for wounds
333. Honey for acute cough in children
334. Horse chestnut seed extract for chronic venous insufficiency
335. Horticultural therapy for schizophrenia
336. Huperzine A for Alzheimer's disease
337. Huperzine A for mild cognitive impairment
338. Huperzine A for vascular dementia
339. Hyperbaric oxygen for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus
340. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute coronary syndrome
341. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute ischaemic stroke
342. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for Bell's palsy
343. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for delayed onset muscle soreness and closed soft tissue injury
344. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for multiple sclerosis
345. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
346. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the adjunctive treatment of traumatic brain injury
347. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for vascular dementia
348. Hyperbaric oxygenation for tumour sensitisation to radiotherapy
349. Hypnosis during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postnatal period for preventing postnatal depression
350. Hypnosis for induction of labour
351. Hypnosis for schizophrenia
352. Hypnotherapy for smoking cessation
353. Hypnotherapy for treatment of irritable bowel syndrome
354. Immersion in water during labour and birth
355. Immunonutrition as an adjuvant therapy for burns
356. Immunonutrition for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults
357. Immunonutrition for patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer
358. Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases
359. Inositol for depressive disorders
360. Inositol for subfertile women with polycystic ovary syndrome
361. Inositol in preterm infants at risk for or having respiratory distress syndrome
362. Intercessory prayer for the alleviation of ill health
363. Interventions (other than pharmacological, psychosocial or psychological) for treating antenatal depression
364. Interventions during pregnancy to prevent preterm birth: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
365. Interventions for apathy after traumatic brain injury
366. Interventions for bone disease in children with chronic kidney disease
367. Interventions for bullous pemphigoid
368. Interventions for chronic kidney disease-associated restless legs syndrome
369. Interventions for chronic palmoplantar pustulosis
370. Interventions for clinical and subclinical hypothyroidism pre-pregnancy and during pregnancy
371. Interventions for cutaneous molluscum contagiosum
372. Interventions for drug‐using offenders with co‐occurring mental health problems
373. Interventions for drug‐using offenders with co‐occurring mental health problems
374. Interventions for dysarthria due to stroke and other adult-acquired, non-progressive brain injury
375. Interventions for erosive lichen planus affecting mucosal sites
376. Interventions for fatigue in inflammatory bowel disease
377. Interventions for fatigue in peripheral neuropathy
378. Interventions for improving mobility after hip fracture surgery in adults
379. Interventions for improving sleep quality in people with chronic kidney disease
380. Interventions for improving upper limb function after stroke
381. Interventions for increasing acceptance of local anaesthetic in children and adolescents having dental treatment
382. Interventions for ingrowing toenails
383. Interventions for lowering plasma homocysteine levels in dialysis patients
384. Interventions for maintenance of surgically induced remission in Crohn’s disease: a network meta‐analysis
385. Interventions for managing asthma in pregnancy
386. Interventions for managing taste disturbances
387. Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy
388. Interventions for pityriasis rosea
389. Interventions for pityriasis rosea
390. Interventions for preventing and treating pelvic and back pain in pregnancy
391. Interventions for preventing bone disease in kidney transplant recipients
392. Interventions for preventing falls in older people in care facilities and hospitals
393. Interventions for preventing falls in older people living in the community
394. Interventions for preventing falls in people after stroke
395. Interventions for preventing falls in people after stroke
396. Interventions for preventing high altitude illness: Part 3. Miscellaneous and non‐pharmacological interventions
397. Interventions for preventing infection in nephrotic syndrome
398. Interventions for preventing nausea and vomiting in women undergoing regional anaesthesia for caesarean section
399. Interventions for preventing oral mucositis for patients with cancer receiving treatment
400. Interventions for prevention of post-operative recurrence of Crohn's disease
401. Interventions for primary vesicoureteric reflux
402. Interventions for prodromal stage of psychosis
403. Interventions for reducing anxiety in women undergoing colposcopy
404. Interventions for reducing inflammation in familial Mediterranean fever
405. Interventions for replacing missing teeth: hyperbaric oxygen therapy for irradiated patients who require dental implants
406. Interventions for the management of dry mouth: non-pharmacological interventions
407. Interventions for the management of oral submucous fibrosis
408. Interventions for the management of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis
409. Interventions for the reduction of prescribed opioid use in chronic non-cancer pain
410. Interventions for treating anxiety after stroke
411. Interventions for treating burning mouth syndrome
412. Interventions for treating collagenous colitis
413. Interventions for treating constipation in pregnancy
414. Interventions for treating hyperemesis gravidarum
415. Interventions for treating leg ulcers in people with sickle cell disease
416. Interventions for treating oral leukoplakia to prevent oral cancer
417. Interventions for treating painful nipples among breastfeeding women
418. Interventions for treating persistent pain in survivors of torture
419. Interventions for treating sexual dysfunction in patients with chronic kidney disease
420. Interventions for treating urinary incontinence after stroke in adults
421. Interventions to facilitate return to work in adults with adjustment disorders
422. Interventions to improve psychosocial well‐being in female BRCA‐mutation carriers following risk‐reducing surgery
423. Interventions to reduce acute and late adverse gastrointestinal effects of pelvic radiotherapy for primary pelvic cancers
424. Iodine supplementation for the prevention of mortality and adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants
425. Iodine supplementation for women during the preconception, pregnancy and postpartum period
426. Iron chelators for acute stroke
427. Iron for the treatment of restless legs syndrome
428. Iron supplementation for breath-holding attacks in children
429. Iron supplementation for reducing morbidity and mortality in children with HIV
430. Isoflavones for hypercholesterolaemia in adults
431. Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants
432. Kava extract versus placebo for treating anxiety
433. Ketogenic diets for drug‐resistant epilepsy
434. L-carnitine for cognitive enhancement in people without cognitive impairment
435. L-ornithine L-aspartate for prevention and treatment of hepatic encephalopathy in people with cirrhosis
436. Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhoea
437. Laetrile treatment for cancer
438. Lecithin for dementia and cognitive impairment
439. Lifestyle interventions for acute gout
440. Light therapy for improving cognition, activities of daily living, sleep, challenging behaviour, and psychiatric disturbances in dementia
441. Light therapy for non-seasonal depression
442. Light therapy for preventing seasonal affective disorder
443. Lipid emulsions for parenterally fed preterm infants
444. Lipid emulsions for parenterally fed term and late preterm infants
445. Lipid‐based nutrient supplements for maternal, birth, and infant developmental outcomes
446. Local cooling for relieving pain from perineal trauma sustained during childbirth
447. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infants born at term
448. Longchain polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in preterm infants
449. Low glycaemic index diets for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
450. Low glycaemic index or low glycaemic load diets for overweight and obesity
451. Low glycaemic index, or low glycaemic load, diets for diabetes mellitus
452. Low protein diets for non‐diabetic adults with chronic kidney disease
453. Low-fat diets for acquired hypercholesterolaemia
454. Lycopene for the prevention of prostate cancer
455. Magnesium for alcohol withdrawal
456. Magnesium for skeletal muscle cramps
457. Magnesium for treating sickle cell disease
458. Magnesium maintenance therapy for preventing preterm birth after threatened preterm labour
459. Magnesium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
460. Magnesium supplementation in pregnancy
461. Mailuoning for acute ischaemic stroke
462. Management of gag reflex for patients undergoing dental treatment
463. Manipulative therapies for infantile colic
464. Manual therapy and exercise for adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)
465. Manual therapy for asthma
466. Marine‐derived n‐3 fatty acids therapy for stroke
467. Massage and touch for dementia
468. Massage for low-back pain
469. Massage for mechanical neck disorders
470. Massage for promoting growth and development of preterm and/or low birth-weight infants
471. Massage for promoting mental and physical health in typically developing infants under the age of six months
472. Massage therapy for people with HIV/AIDS
473. Massage with or without aromatherapy for symptom relief in people with cancer
474. Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour
475. Maternal dietary antigen avoidance during pregnancy or lactation, or both, for preventing or treating atopic disease in the child
476. Maternal probiotic supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
477. The medical use of cannabis for reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS
478. Medicinal herbs for hepatitis C virus infection
479. Meditation for adults with haematological malignancies
480. Meditation therapies for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
481. Meditation therapy for anxiety disorders
482. Mediterranean‐style diet for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
483. Melatonin and agomelatine for preventing seasonal affective disorder
484. Melatonin as add-on treatment for epilepsy
485. Melatonin for non-respiratory sleep disorders in visually impaired children
486. Melatonin for the prevention and treatment of jet lag
487. Melatonin for the promotion of sleep in adults in the intensive care unit
488. Melatonin for the treatment of dementia
489. Melatonin for women in pregnancy for neuroprotection of the fetus
490. Methods of milk expression for lactating women
491. Micronutrient supplementation in adults with HIV infection
492. Micronutrient supplementation in pregnant women with HIV infection
493. Midwife-led continuity models versus other models of care for childbearing women
494. Milk thistle for alcoholic and/or hepatitis B or C virus liver diseases
495. Mind-body interventions during pregnancy for preventing or treating women's anxiety
496. Mindfulness‐based stress reduction for family carers of people with dementia
497. Mindfulness‐based stress reduction for women diagnosed with breast cancer
498. Mistletoe therapy in oncology
499. Momordica charantia for type 2 diabetes mellitus
500. Monosodium glutamate avoidance for chronic asthma in adults and children
501. Morita therapy for anxiety disorders in adults
502. Morita therapy for schizophrenia
503. Moxibustion for alleviating side effects of chemotherapy or radiotherapy in people with cancer
504. Multinutrient fortification of human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital discharge
505. Muscle energy technique for non-specific low-back pain
506. Music during caesarean section under regional anaesthesia for improving maternal and infant outcomes
507. Music for stress and anxiety reduction in coronary heart disease patients
508. Music interventions for acquired brain injury
509. Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients
510. Music interventions for mechanically ventilated patients
511. Music interventions for preoperative anxiety
512. Music therapy for depression
513. Music therapy for people with autism spectrum disorder
514. Music therapy for people with schizophrenia and schizophrenia-like disorders
515. Music‐based therapeutic interventions for people with dementia
516. N-acetylcarnosine (NAC) drops for age-related cataract
517. N‐acetylcysteine as an adjuvant therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication
518. Neuromodulators for pain management in rheumatoid arthritis
519. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease
520. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for the prevention of venous thromboembolism
521. Neuromuscular electrostimulation for adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
522. Niacin for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular events
523. Nicotine for schizophrenia
524. Nidotherapy for people with schizophrenia
525. Non surgical therapy for anal fissure
526. Non-clinical interventions for reducing unnecessary caesarean section
527. Non-drug therapies for lower limb muscle cramps
528. Non-hormonal interventions for hot flushes in women with a history of breast cancer
529. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for chronic pain
530. Non-invasive interventions for improving well-being and quality of life in patients with lung cancer
531. Non-pharmacological interventions for alleviating pain during orthodontic treatment
532. Non-pharmacological interventions for chronic pain in people with spinal cord injury
533. Non-pharmacological interventions for cognitive impairment due to systemic cancer treatment
534. Non-pharmacological interventions for epilepsy in people with intellectual disabilities
535. Non-pharmacological interventions for fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis
536. Non-pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders and medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) in adults
537. Non-surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain
538. Non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome
539. Non‐antistreptococcal interventions for acute guttate psoriasis or an acute guttate flare of chronic psoriasis
540. Non‐clinical interventions for reducing unnecessary caesarean section
541. Non‐pharmacological interventions for chronic pain in multiple sclerosis
542. Normobaric and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for migraine and cluster headache
543. Nutrient-enriched formula milk versus human breast milk for preterm infants following hospital discharge
544. Nutrient-enriched formula versus standard formula for preterm infants following hospital discharge
545. Nutritional interventions for liver-transplanted patients
546. Nutritional interventions for preventing and treating pressure ulcers
547. Nutritional interventions for reducing gastrointestinal toxicity in adults undergoing radical pelvic radiotherapy
548. Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and mortality in people with HIV
549. Nutritional interventions for survivors of childhood cancer
550. Nutritional supplementation for hip fracture aftercare in older people
551. Nutritional supplementation for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
552. Nutritional supplements for patients being treated for active visceral leishmaniasis
553. Nutritional supplements for people being treated for active tuberculosis
554. Nutritional support for acute kidney injury
555. Nutritional support for liver disease
556. Omega 3 fatty acid for the prevention of cognitive decline and dementia
557. Omega 3 fatty acids (fish oil) for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
558. Omega 3 fatty acids (fish oil) for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis
559. Omega 3 fatty acids for preventing or slowing the progression of age-related macular degeneration
560. Omega-3 fatty acids for bipolar disorder
561. Omega-3 fatty acids for the treatment of dementia
562. Omega-3 fatty acids supplementation for autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
563. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for type 2 diabetes mellitus
564. Omega‐3 and omega‐6 polyunsaturated fatty acids for dry eye disease
565. Omega‐3 fatty acid addition during pregnancy
566. Omega‐3 fatty acid supplementation for cystic fibrosis
567. Omega‐3 fatty acids for dialysis vascular access outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease
568. Omega‐3 fatty acids for intermittent claudication
569. Omega‐3 fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
570. Omega‐6 fats for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
571. Oral Astragalus (Huang qi) for preventing frequent episodes of acute respiratory tract infection in children
572. Oral evening primrose oil and borage oil for eczema
573. Oral herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis
574. Oral immunotherapy for milk allergy
575. Oral lactoferrin for the treatment of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates
576. Oral traditional Chinese medication for adhesive small bowel obstruction
577. Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency
578. Oral zinc for arterial and venous leg ulcers
579. Oral zinc for treating diarrhoea in children
580. Organisational interventions for preventing and minimising aggression directed towards healthcare workers by patients and patient advocates
581. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications for acute cough in children and adults in community settings
582. Padma 28 for intermittent claudication
583. Pain management for women in labour: an overview of systematic reviews
584. Pain relief for women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia undergoing colposcopy treatment
585. Pain-relieving agents for infantile colic
586. Pancreatic enzymes for chronic pancreatitis
587. Parent-infant psychotherapy for improving parental and infant mental health
588. Parenteral versus oral iron therapy for adults and children with chronic kidney disease
589. Participation in environmental enhancement and conservation activities for health and well-being in adults: a review of quantitative and qualitative evidence
590. Participation of traditional, complementary and alternative health practitioners in conventional health systems in low‐ and middle‐income countries
591. Passiflora for anxiety disorder
592. Pelargonium sidoides extract for treating acute respiratory tract infections
593. Pelvic floor muscle training added to another active treatment versus the same active treatment alone for urinary incontinence in women
594. Perceptions and experiences of labour companionship: a qualitative evidence synthesis
595. Peri-operative glycaemic control regimens for preventing surgical site infections in adults
596. Perianal injectable bulking agents as treatment for faecal incontinence in adults
597. Person-directed, non-pharmacological interventions for sleepiness at work and sleep disturbances caused by shift work
598. Pharmacological agents for adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome
599. Pharmacological and nutritional treatment for McArdle disease (Glycogen Storage Disease type V)
600. Pharmacological interventions for borderline personality disorder
601. Pharmacological interventions for clozapine-induced hypersalivation
602. Pharmacological interventions for sleepiness and sleep disturbances caused by shift work
603. Pharmacological interventions for somatoform disorders in adults
604. Pharmacological treatment other than corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and plasma exchange for Guillain-Barré syndrome
605. Pharmacological treatment other than corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin and plasma exchange for Guillain‐Barré syndrome
606. Pharmacotherapies for cannabis dependence
607. Pharmacotherapies for sleep disturbances in Alzheimer's disease
608. Phlebotonics for haemorrhoids
609. Phlebotonics for venous insufficiency
610. Phyllanthus species for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
611. Phyllanthus species versus antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
612. Physical activity and exercise for chronic pain in adults: an overview of Cochrane Reviews
613. Physical activity for lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostatic obstruction
614. Physical therapies for postural abnormalities in people with cystic fibrosis
615. Phytoestrogens for menopausal vasomotor symptoms
616. Phytomedicines (medicines derived from plants) for sickle cell disease
617. Pilates for low back pain
618. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for drug-resistant epilepsy
619. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation for schizophrenia
620. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents
621. Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) for children with specific learning disorders
622. Polyunsaturated fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
623. Postnatal thyroid hormones for respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
624. Potassium supplementation for the management of primary hypertension in adults
625. Prebiotics for the prevention of hyperbilirubinaemia in neonates
626. Prebiotics in infants for prevention of allergy
627. Prescribed hypocaloric nutrition support for critically-ill adults
628. Preventing occupational stress in healthcare workers
629. Probiotics for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
630. Probiotics for induction of remission in ulcerative colitis
631. Probiotics for maintenance of remission in Crohn's disease
632. Probiotics for maintenance of remission in ulcerative colitis
633. Probiotics for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and/or steatohepatitis
634. Probiotics for people with cystic fibrosis
635. Probiotics for people with hepatic encephalopathy
636. Probiotics for preventing acute otitis media in children
637. Probiotics for preventing acute upper respiratory tract infections
638. Probiotics for preventing gestational diabetes
639. Probiotics for preventing preterm labour
640. Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infection in people with neuropathic bladder
641. Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants
642. Probiotics for the prevention of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in adults and children
643. Probiotics for the prevention of pediatric antibiotic‐associated diarrhea
644. Probiotics for the prevention or treatment of chemotherapy‐ or radiotherapy‐related diarrhoea in people with cancer
645. Probiotics for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis
646. Probiotics for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome in children
647. Probiotics for treating acute infectious diarrhoea
648. Probiotics for treating eczema
649. Probiotics for treating persistent diarrhoea in children
650. Probiotics for treatment of Clostridium difficile-associated colitis in adults
651. Probiotics for vulvovaginal candidiasis in non-pregnant women
652. Probiotics in infants for prevention of allergic disease and food hypersensitivity
653. Probiotics to prevent infantile colic
654. Procaine treatments for cognition and dementia
655. Prolotherapy injections for chronic low-back pain
656. Prophylactic caffeine to prevent postoperative apnoea following general anaesthesia in preterm infants
657. Prophylactic postnatal thyroid hormones for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
658. Protein restriction for children with chronic kidney disease
659. Protein restriction for diabetic renal disease
660. Psychoanalytic/psychodynamic psychotherapy for children and adolescents who have been sexually abused
661. Psychological and behavioural treatments for adults with non-epileptic attack disorder
662. Psychological and educational interventions for atopic eczema in children
663. Psychological interventions for acute pain after open heart surgery
664. Psychological interventions for coronary heart disease
665. Psychological interventions for needle‐related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents
666. Psychological interventions for people with hemophilia
667. Psychological interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in people with severe mental illness
668. Psychological preparation and postoperative outcomes for adults undergoing surgery under general anaesthesia
669. Psychological therapies (remotely delivered) for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents
670. Psychological therapies for children and adolescents exposed to trauma
671. Psychological therapies for panic disorder with or without agoraphobia in adults: a network meta-analysis
672. Psychological therapies for pathological and problem gambling
673. Psychological therapies for preventing seasonal affective disorder
674. Psychological therapies for the management of chronic and recurrent pain in children and adolescents
675. Psychological therapies for the prevention of migraine in adults
676. Psychological therapies for the treatment of mental disorders in low‐ and middle‐income countries affected by humanitarian crises
677. Psychological therapies for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents
678. Psychological therapies for treatment-resistant depression in adults
679. Psychological treatments for people with epilepsy
680. Psychosocial group interventions to improve psychological well-being in adults living with HIV
681. Psychosocial interventions for preventing and treating depression in dialysis patients
682. Psychosocial interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in childhood
683. Psychosocial interventions for self-harm in adults
684. Puerarin for ischaemic stroke
685. Pycnogenol® (extract of French maritime pine bark) for the treatment of chronic disorders
686. Pygeum africanum for benign prostatic hyperplasia
687. Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) supplementation in pregnancy
688. Quinine for muscle cramps
689. Radix Sophorae flavescentis versus no intervention or placebo for chronic hepatitis B
690. Radix Sophorae flavescentis versus other drugs or herbs for chronic hepatitis B
691. Reduced dietary salt for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
692. Reduced or modified dietary fat for preventing cardiovascular disease
693. Reduced salt intake compared to normal dietary salt, or high intake, in pregnancy
694. Regimens of vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy
695. Rehabilitation following carpal tunnel release
696. Relaxation for depression
697. Relaxation for perimenopausal and postmenopausal symptoms
698. Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour
699. Relaxation therapies for the management of primary hypertension in adults
700. Relaxation therapy for preventing and treating preterm labour
701. Reminiscence therapy for dementia
702. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for panic disorder in adults
703. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for improving function after stroke
704. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or motor neuron disease
705. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus
706. Restriction of salt, caffeine and alcohol intake for the treatment of Ménière's disease or syndrome
707. Resveratrol for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
708. Rheum officinale (a traditional Chinese medicine) for chronic kidney disease
709. Roselle for hypertension in adults
710. Routine vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of blindness due to measles infection in children
711. Rutosides for prevention of post‐thrombotic syndrome
712. Rutosides for treatment of post‐thrombotic syndrome
713. S-adenosyl methionine (SAMe) for depression in adults
714. S-adenosyl-L-methionine for alcoholic liver diseases
715. S-Adenosylmethionine for osteoarthritis of the knee or hip
716. Salicylate-containing rubefacients for acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain in adults
717. Sanchi for acute ischaemic stroke
718. Selenium for alleviating the side effects of chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery in cancer patients
719. Selenium for preventing cancer
720. Selenium supplementation for asthma
721. Selenium supplementation for critically ill adults
722. Selenium supplementation for Hashimoto's thyroiditis
723. Selenium supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
724. Selenium supplementation to prevent short-term morbidity in preterm neonates
725. Sensory environment on health-related outcomes of hospital patients
726. Serenoa repens for benign prostatic hyperplasia
727. Simulated presence therapy for dementia
728. Singing as an adjunct therapy for children and adults with cystic fibrosis
729. Singing for adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
730. Singing for children and adults with bronchiectasis
731. Single dose oral ibuprofen plus caffeine for acute postoperative pain in adults
732. Single herbal medicine for diabetic retinopathy
733. Skin-to-skin care for procedural pain in neonates
734. Smectite for acute infectious diarrhoea in children
735. Snoezelen for dementia
736. Speleotherapy for asthma
737. Spinal manipulation for dysmenorrhoea
738. Spinal manipulative therapy for acute low-back pain
739. Spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back pain
740. Spiritual and religious interventions for well-being of adults in the terminal phase of disease
741. Sports and games for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
742. St John's wort for major depression
743. Steam inhalation or humidified oxygen for acute bronchiolitis in children up to three years of age
744. Stimulation of the wrist acupuncture point P6 for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting
745. Superoxide dismutase for preventing chronic lung disease in mechanically ventilated preterm infants
746. Supplementation with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) to breastfeeding mothers for improving child growth and development
747. Surface neuromuscular electrical stimulation for quadriceps strengthening pre and post total knee replacement
748. Swallowing therapy for dysphagia in acute and subacute stroke
749. Sweet potato for type 2 diabetes mellitus
750. Tai Chi for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
751. Tai chi for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
752. Tai Chi for rheumatoid arthritis
753. Testosterone for schizophrenia
754. Therapeutic touch for anxiety disorders
755. Therapeutic ultrasound for chronic low-back pain
756. Thermotherapy for treating rheumatoid arthritis
757. Thermotherapy for treatment of osteoarthritis
758. Thiamine for Alzheimer's disease
759. Thiamine for prevention and treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in people who abuse alcohol
760. 'Third wave' cognitive and behavioural therapies versus other psychological therapies for depression
761. 'Third wave' cognitive and behavioural therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
762. Thymic peptides for treatment of cancer patients
763. Thyroid hormone supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants undergoing cardiac surgery
764. Thyroid hormones for acute kidney injury
765. Thyroid hormones for preventing neurodevelopmental impairment in preterm infants
766. Tianma Gouteng Yin Formula for treating primary hypertension
767. Tongxinluo (Tong xin luo or Tong-xin-luo) capsule for unstable angina pectoris
768. Tongxinluo capsule for acute stroke
769. Topical analgesia for acute otitis media
770. Topical analgesics for acute and chronic pain in adults - an overview of Cochrane Reviews
771. Topical capsaicin (high concentration) for chronic neuropathic pain in adults
772. Topical capsaicin (low concentration) for chronic neuropathic pain in adults
773. Topical herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis
774. Topical treatments for chronic plaque psoriasis
775. Traditional Chinese herbal medicine for vascular dementia
776. Traditional Chinese herbal products for stable angina
777. Traditional Chinese Medicine herbs for stopping bleeding from haemorrhoids
778. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for idiopathic Parkinson's disease
779. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning, in people after stroke
780. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving aphasia in patients after stroke
781. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of epilepsy
782. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder
783. Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation (TENS) for cancer pain in adults
784. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic neck pain
785. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) for dementia
786. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for fibromyalgia in adults
787. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for neuropathic pain in adults
788. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain management in labour
789. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain management in sickle cell disease
790. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for phantom pain and stump pain following amputation in adults
791. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in the hand
792. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) versus placebo for chronic low-back pain
793. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for acute pain
794. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for primary dysmenorrhoea
795. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) for treatment of constipation in children
796. Transcutaneous electrostimulation for osteoarthritis of the knee
797. Transcutaneous electrostimulation for suspected placental insufficiency (diagnosed by Doppler studies)
798. Treatment for ataxia in multiple sclerosis
799. Treatment for cramps in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease
800. Treatment for mitochondrial disorders
801. Treatment for osteoporosis in people with ß-thalassaemia
802. Treatment for postpolio syndrome
803. Treatment of fatigue in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neuron disease
804. Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation
805. Treatments for women with gestational diabetes mellitus: an overview of Cochrane systematic reviews
806. Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (a traditional Chinese medicine) for primary nephrotic syndrome
807. Tryptophan and 5-Hydroxytryptophan for depression
808. Tyrosine supplementation for phenylketonuria
809. Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage
810. Valerian for anxiety disorders
811. Vitamin A and beta (β)‐carotene supplementation for cystic fibrosis
812. Vitamin A and fish oils for retinitis pigmentosa
813. Vitamin A for non-measles pneumonia in children
814. Vitamin A for preventing acute lower respiratory tract infections in children up to seven years of age
815. Vitamin A for treating measles in children
816. Vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy for maternal and newborn outcomes
817. Vitamin A supplementation for preventing morbidity and mortality in children from six months to five years of age
818. Vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in infants one to six months of age
819. Vitamin A supplementation to prevent mortality and short- and long-term morbidity in very low birth weight infants
820. Vitamin A supplements for reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission
821. Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid and late life
822. Vitamin and mineral supplementation for preventing dementia or delaying cognitive decline in people with mild cognitive impairment
823. Vitamin B and its derivatives for diabetic kidney disease
824. Vitamin B for treating peripheral neuropathy
825. Vitamin B6 for cognition
826. Vitamin B12 for cognition
827. Vitamin C and superoxide dismutase (SOD) for diabetic retinopathy
828. Vitamin C for asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
829. Vitamin C for preventing and treating pneumonia
830. Vitamin C for preventing and treating tetanus
831. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold
832. Vitamin C supplementation for prevention and treatment of pneumonia
833. Vitamin C supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
834. Vitamin C supplementation in pregnancy
835. Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures in post-menopausal women and older men
836. Vitamin D as an adjunct to antibiotics for the treatment of acute childhood pneumonia
837. Vitamin D compounds for people with chronic kidney disease not requiring dialysis
838. Vitamin D compounds for people with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis
839. Vitamin D for the management of asthma
840. Vitamin D for the management of multiple sclerosis
841. Vitamin D for the treatment of chronic painful conditions in adults
842. Vitamin D supplementation for cystic fibrosis
843. Vitamin D supplementation for improving bone mineral density in children
844. Vitamin D supplementation for preventing infections in children under five years of age
845. Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of cancer in adults
846. Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults
847. Vitamin D supplementation for sickle cell disease
848. Vitamin D supplementation for women during pregnancy
849. Vitamin E for Alzheimer's dementia and mild cognitive impairment
850. Vitamin E for intermittent claudication
851. Vitamin E for neuroleptic-induced tardive dyskinesia
852. Vitamin E supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
853. Vitamin E supplementation in people with cystic fibrosis
854. Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy
855. Vitamin K for improved anticoagulation control in patients receiving warfarin
856. Vitamin K for upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with acute or chronic liver diseases
857. Vitamin K prior to preterm birth for preventing neonatal periventricular haemorrhage
858. Vitamin K supplementation for cystic fibrosis
859. Vitamin supplementation for preventing miscarriage
860. Vitamins C and E for asthma and exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
861. Vitamins for epilepsy
862. Water for preventing urinary stones
863. Water for wound cleansing
864. Weight loss interventions for chronic asthma
865. Wendan decoction (Traditional Chinese medicine) for schizophrenia
866. Whole grain cereals for the primary or secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
867. Whole grain foods for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus
868. Workplace interventions for reducing sitting at work
869. Wound cleansing for pressure ulcers
870. Written emotional disclosure for asthma
871. Xiao Chai Hu Tang, a herbal medicine, for chronic hepatitis B
872. Xiongshao for restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with coronary heart disease
873. Xuebijing for paraquat poisoning
874. Xylitol for preventing acute otitis media in children up to 12 years of age
875. Yizhi capsule for vascular dementia
876. Yoga as part of a package of care versus non‐standard care for schizophrenia
877. Yoga as part of a package of care versus standard care for schizophrenia
878. Yoga for asthma
879. Yoga for epilepsy
880. Yoga for improving health-related quality of life, mental health and cancer-related symptoms in women diagnosed with breast cancer
881. Yoga for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease
882. Yoga for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
883. Yoga for treating urinary incontinence in women
884. Yoga in addition to standard care for patients with haematological malignancies
885. Yoga treatment for chronic non-specific low back pain
886. Yoga versus non-standard care for schizophrenia
887. Yoga versus standard care for schizophrenia
888. Zhiling decoction for vascular dementia
889. Zinc supplementation as an adjunct to antibiotics in the treatment of pneumonia in children 2 to 59 months of age
890. Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome
891. Zinc supplementation for mental and motor development in children
892. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of pneumonia in children aged 2 months to 59 months
893. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus
894. Zinc supplementation for tinnitus
895. Zinc supplements for preventing otitis media
896. Zinc supplements for treating thalassaemia and sickle cell disease

Cochrane protocols covering complementary medicine topics through Issue 4 2020
1. Abdominal massage for the treatment of constipation
2. Acetyl-L-carnitine for the treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy
3. Acupoint stimulation for postoperative ileus  following gastrointestinal surgery
4. Acupuncture for (sub)acute non-specific low-back pain
5. Acupuncture for adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
6. Acupuncture for angina pectoris
7. Acupuncture for chronic constipation
8. Acupuncture for chronic neck pain
9. Acupuncture for female subfertility
10. Acupuncture for Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome
11. Acupuncture for Guillain-Barré syndrome
12. Acupuncture for Parkinson's Disease
13. Acupuncture for primary hypercholesterolaemia
14. Acupuncture for sudden idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss
15. Acupuncture for symptomatic treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy
16. Acupuncture for the prevention of tension-type headache
17. Acupuncture for the treatment of post-operative pain
18. Acupuncture for treating overactive bladder in adults
19. Acupuncture for treatment-related side effects in women with breast cancer
20. Acupuncture for turning a breech baby in pregnancy
21. Acupuncture point stimulation for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
22. Adjunctive Peony-Glycyrrhiza Decoction for antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia
23. Alcohol intake reduction for controlling hypertension
24. Alpha-lipoic acid for diabetic peripheral neuropathy
25. Alternative prophylactic therapies (acupuncture and/or moxibustion) for reducing blood loss in the third stage of labour
26. Animal-assisted therapy for people with serious mental illness
27. Animal‐assisted therapy, including animal‐assisted activities and resident animals, for improving quality of life in people with stroke
28. Antioxidant supplementation for sickle cell disease
29. Antioxidants for acute pancreatitis
30. Behavioural therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
31. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation for improving nutrition in term and preterm neonates
32. Calcium and vitamin D for increasing bone mineral density in premenopausal women
33. Calcium supplementation for prevention of primary hypertension
34. Calcium supplementation for weight reduction in overweight or obese people
35. Cannabis and cannabinoids for people with multiple sclerosis
36. Capsaicin for non-allergic rhinitis
37. Carbohydrate or fat-restricted diets for obesity
38. Chelation for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
39. Chinese herbal medicine alone or combined with vitamins for gastric precancerous lesions
40. Chinese herbal medicine for advanced pancreatic cancer
41. Chinese herbal medicine for treating recurrent urinary tract infections in women
42. Chinese herbal medicines for adverse events of transarterial chemoembolization in patients with primary liver cancer
43. Chinese herbal medicines for the treatment of neonatal jaundice
44. Chinese herbal medicines for treating gestational diabetes mellitus
45. Chinese medicinal herbs for vaginal bleeding of medical abortion
46. Chinese medicine for immunological functions in women with breast cancer or a history of breast cancer
47. Citicoline (CDP-choline) for traumatic brain injury
48. Cognitive-emotional interventions for breathlessness in adults with advanced diseases
49. Combined large neutral amino acid supplementation for phenylketonuria (PKU)
50. Complementary and alternative therapies for post-caesarean pain
51. Complementary and alternative therapies for shortening labour
52. Cordyceps sinensis (a traditional Chinese medicine) for kidney transplant recipients
53. Cordyceps sinensis for hypertension in adults
54. Coriolus versicolor mushroom for colorectal cancer treatment
55. Cranberries for treating asymptomatic bacteriuria during pregnancy
56. Dietary advice for schizophrenia
57. Dietary interventions for adult cancer survivors
58. Different strains of probiotics for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants: a network meta-analysis
59. EEG neurofeedback for executive functions in children with neurodevelopmental challenges
60. Effects of a gluten‐reduced or gluten‐free diet for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
61. The effects of oral vitamin D supplementation on linear growth and non-communicable diseases among infants and children younger than five years of age
62. Effects of preventive oral supplementation with iron or iron with folic acid for women following childbirth
63. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted devices for stress urinary incontinence in women
64. Electrotherapy modalities for lateral elbow pain
65. Enteral zinc supplementation for prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm neonates
66. Ephedrine for myasthenia gravis
67. Essential phospholipids for people with non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease
68. Fiber and bulking agents for the treatment of chronic constipation
69. Fish oil supplements for rheumatoid arthritis
70. Fish oil supplements for the prevention and treatment of hypertension in adults
71. Fish oil-based lipid emulsions versus standard lipid emulsions for prevention of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in children
72. Fish oil-based lipid emulsions versus standard lipid emulsions for treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in children
73. Folate supplementation in patients with sickle cell disease
74. Folate supplementation in people with sickle cell disease
75. Ginkgo biloba for tinnitus
76. Ginkgo biloba versus placebo for schizophrenia
77. Ginseng for erectile dysfunction
78. Ginseng for improving the quality of life in people with cancer
79. Glutamine for induction of remission in Crohn's disease
80. Glycyrrhizin for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
81. Glycyrrhizin versus antiviral drugs for chronic hepatitis B virus infection
82. Helminths for asthma
83. Herbal (non‐Chinese) medicines for functional dyspepsia
84. Herbal medicine for relapse and metastasis in patients operated for colorectal cancer
85. Herbal medicines for systemic lupus erythematosus
86. Herbal medicines for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease
87. Herbal medicines for type 1 diabetes mellitus
88. Herbal preparations for weight loss in adults
89. Homeopathy for osteoarthritis
90. Humanistic therapies versus other psychological therapies for depression
91. Humanistic therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
92. Humour‐based interventions for people with schizophrenia
93. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for persistent post-concussion syndrome following mild traumatic brain injury
94. Hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth
95. Hypnosis for preventing preterm labour
96. Intermittent fasting for the prevention of cardiovascular disease
97. Interventions (other than psychosocial, psychological and pharmacological) for treating postpartum depression
98. Interventions for helping people recognise early signs of recurrence in depression
99. Intranasal oxytocin for autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
100. Intranasal phototherapy for allergic rhinitis
101. Ketogenic diet for primary brain and spinal cord tumours
102. L-acetylcarnitine for fragile X syndrome
103. Lactoferrin for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgery
104. Leeches (Hirudinea) for osteoarthritis
105. Listening to music for improving sleep in adults with insomnia
106. Low carbohydrate versus balanced carbohydrate diets for reducing weight and cardiovascular risk
107. Lutein and zeaxanthin for reducing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants
108. Magnesium sulphate for acute bronchiolitis in children under two years of age
109. Magnetic seizure therapy for people with schizophrenia
110. Manual therapy and exercise for lateral elbow pain
111. Manual therapy with exercise for neck pain
112. Marine oil supplements for rheumatoid arthritis
113. Massage therapy for preventing pressure ulcers
114. Maternal antenatal methylxanthine (including caffeine) treatment for improving preterm outcomes
115. Maternal prenatal and/or postnatal n-3 fish oil supplementation for preventing allergies in early childhood
116. The McKenzie method for (sub)acute non-specific low-back pain
117. The McKenzie method for chronic non-specific low-back pain
118. Medicinal herbs for acute hepatitis B
119. Meditation for adult patients with haematological malignancies
120. Meditation for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease
121. Melatonin for preoperative anxiety in adults
122. Melatonin for treating pre-eclampsia
123. Melatonin in cancer treatment
124. Mind-body movement therapies for Parkinson's disease
125. Mindfulness-based parenting programmes for improving psychosocial outcomes in children from birth to age 18 and their parents
126. Modified dietary fat intake for treatment of gallstone disease
127. Moxibustion for stroke rehabilitation
128. Music for pain relief
129. Music therapy for people with substance use disorders
130. Musical and vocal interventions to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes for preterm infants
131. Myo-inositol for preventing gestational diabetes
132. N-acetylcysteine for non-paracetamol (acetaminophen)-related acute liver failure
133. Neuroaid for improving recovery after ischemic stroke
134. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) for patellofemoral pain syndrome
135. Non-hormonal therapy for hot flushes in postmenopausal women
136. Non-pharmacological interventions for managing dental anxiety in children
137. Non‐invasive brain stimulation for improving cognitive function in people with dementia and mild cognitive impairment
138. Nutritional supplementation for non‐alcohol‐related fatty liver disease: a network meta‐analysis
139. Omega 3 fatty acids for the treatment of dementia and cognitive impairment
140. Omega-3 fatty acids for depression in adults
141. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
142. Open Dialogue for psychosis or severe mental illness
143. Oral probiotics for infantile colic
144. Oral protein-based supplements for people with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis
145. Oral vitamin C supplements to prevent and treat acute upper respiratory tract infections
146. Oral zinc for the prevention of hyperbilirubinemia in neonates
147. Ozone therapy for treating diabetic foot ulcers
148. Pentoxifylline and vitamin E alone or in combination for preventing and treating side effects of radiation therapy and concomitant chemoradiotherapy
149. Perioperative antioxidants for adults undergoing elective non‐cardiac surgery
150. Physical activity for improving the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children and adolescents
151. Physical interventions (orthoses, splints, exercise and manual therapy) for treating plantar heel pain
152. Phytoestrogens in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis
153. Polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation in infancy for the prevention of allergy and food hypersensitivity
154. Preschool and school-based mindfulness programmes for improving mental health and cognitive functioning in young people aged 3 to 18 years
155. Probiotics as adjunctive therapy for eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection
156. Probiotics for fibromyalgia
157. Probiotics for preventing urinary tract infections in adults and children
158. Probiotics for preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia
159. Probiotics for the post-operative management of term neonates after gastrointestinal surgery
160. Probiotics for the prevention or treatment of hyperbilirubinaemia in late preterm and term neonates
161. Probiotics for treating women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal health and well-being
162. Provision of folic acid for reducing arsenic toxicity in arsenic-exposed children and adults
163. Psychodynamic therapies versus treatment as usual for depression
164. Psychological therapies for the prevention of migraine in adults
165. Qigong for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
166. Reflexology for treatment of constipation
167. Reiki treatment for psychological symptoms
168. Role of homeopathic medicines in prevention and treatment of paralytic ileus
169. Saffron (adjunct) for people with schizophrenia who have antipsychotic-induced metabolic syndrome
170. Selenium supplementation during pregnancy for improving maternal and newborn outcomes
171. Singing for people with Parkinson's disease
172. Sunlight for the prevention and treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in term and late preterm neonates
173. Systemic nutritional interventions for treating foot ulcers in people with diabetes
174. Tai Chi for hypertension
175. Tai Chi for improving recovery after stroke
176. Tai chi for schizophrenia
177. Tai Chi plus standard care versus other exercise plus standard care for people with schizophrenia or related disorders
178. Tea tree oil for Demodex blepharitis
179. Tea tree oil for Demodex blepharitis
180. Testosterone supplementation for mild cognitive impairment and dementia
181. Tong-xin-luo capsule for patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention
182. Topical herbal interventions for gingivitis
183. Traditional Chinese medicinal herbs for condyloma acuminatum
184. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) for improving fatigue, motor function, and pain in people with multiple sclerosis
185. Transcranial laser therapy for acute ischemic stroke
186. Transcranial magnetic stimulation for schizophrenia
187. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic low-back pain
188. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for pain control in women with primary dysmenorrhoea
189. Vegan dietary pattern for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases
190. Vitamin A supplementation for postpartum women
191. Vitamin A supplementation for prevention of mortality and morbidity in moderate and late preterm infants
192. Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid life
193. Vitamin B for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy
194. Vitamin C for preventing complex regional pain syndrome (type I) after wrist fractures in adults
195. Vitamin D for the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
196. Vitamin D supplementation in infancy for improving bone density
197. Vitamin D with or without calcium for treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
198. Vitamin E supplementation for adults with diabetes mellitus
199. Vitamin K for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in post-menopausal women
200. Vitamin K for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease
201. Vitamins and minerals for the prevention of colorectal adenomas and carcinomas
202. Workplace lighting for improving mood and alertness in daytime workers
203. Xylitol-containing products for preventing dental caries in children and adolescents
204. Yoga for schizophrenia
205. Yoga for stroke rehabilitation